This report provides a sample set of water and wastewater annual price escalation rates from utilities throughout the United States to facilitate the appropriate integration of such factors in life cycle cost analyses of water efficiency projects. 

Download the 2023 edition of the report, Water and Wastewater Annual Price Escalation Rates for Selected Cities Across the United States.

2017 Edition

The 2023 edition of the report builds on the 2017 report prepared by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program.