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For the 2009 model year, there were only two models that achieved a combined EPA rating of 40 MPG or higher. By the 2013 model year, that number rose to 30 models. In 2009, the only two models with a combined rating of 40 MPG or higher were conventional hybrids with a top fuel economy of 46 MPG. In 2013, the models that met or exceeded 40 MPG include conventional hybrids, plug-in hybrids, and all electric vehicles, seven of which exceed 100 MPGe*. It is also noteworthy that by the 2013 model year, the vehicles that achieved a combined average of 40 MPG or more represent a wide variety of size classes including midsize and large sedans as well as station wagons and an SUV.

Models Offered with EPA Combined Rating of 40 MPG or More for Model Years, 2009, 2011, and 2013
Graph showing the models offered with EPA combined rating of 40 mpg or more for model years 2009, 2011, and 2013. The various models include small SUV, midsize station wagon, small station wagon, large, midsize, compact, subcompact, minicompact and two seater vehicles. See table below for more detailed information.

* MPGe – Miles per Gallon equivalent, is a unit used by the EPA for electric vehicles to make their efficiency ratings directly comparable to gasoline-powered vehicles. The conversion rate used by the EPA is 33.705 kW-hrs of electricity equals the energy contained in one gallon of gasoline.

Supporting Information

Models Offered with EPA Combined Rating of 40 MPG or More for Model Years, 2009, 2011, and 2013
Make/Model 2009   2011   2013
MPG or
Class   Combined
MPG or
Class   Combined
MPG or
BMW Active E       102 Subcompact      
Toyota Prius 46 Midsize   50 Midsize   50 Midsize
Honda Civic Hybrid 42 Compact   41 Compact   44 Compact
Nissan Leaf       99 Midsize   115 Midsize
Chevrolet Volt       60** Compact   62** Compact
smart fortwo electric drive coupe       87 Two-seater   107 Two-seater
smart fortwo electric drive convertible       87 Two-seater   107 Two-seater
Lexus CT 200h       42 Compact   42 Compact
Honda Insight       41 Compact   42 Compact
Scion iQ EV             121 Minicompact
Honda Fit EV             118 Small Station Wagon
Fiat 500e             116 Minicompact
Mitsubishi i-MiEV             112 Subcompact
Ford Focus             105 Compact
Tesla Model S (40 kW-hr battery pack             94 Large
Tesla Model S (60 kW-hr battery pack)             95 Large
Tesla Model S (85 kW-hr battery pack)             89 Large
Toyota RAV4 EV             76 Small SUV
CODA             73 Subcompact
Toyota Prius c             80 Compact
Toyota Prius v             42 Midsize Station Wagon
Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid             58** Midsize
Ford Fusion Hybrid             44 Midsize
Ford Fusion Energi             58** Midsize
Lincoln MKZ Hybrid             45 Midsize
Volkswagen Jetta Hybrid             45 Compact
Ford C-MAX Hybrid             43 Large
Ford C-MAX Energi             58** Midsize
Toyota Camry Hybrid             40 Midsize
Lexus ES 300h             40 Midsize
Toyota Avalon Hybrid             40 Midsize
**For plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, the EPA's blended gasoline and electric combined average is used.
Source: U.S. Department of Energy and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, website accessed on November 13, 2013.

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