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The Federal excise tax on gasoline began in 1932 and has generally been used to fund transportation related projects like highway construction and repair. This tax began at 1 cent per gallon in 1932 and has been adjusted over the years. However, the increases have been sporadic with half cent or 1 cent increases some years and larger increases of 4 or 5 cents per gallon in other years. The number of years between increases has also varied. The longest period without an increase in this tax was 24 years from 1959 to 1983. The last increase in the Federal excise tax on gasoline was in 1997 when it was raised to 18.4 cents per gallon.

Federal Excise Tax on Gasoline, 1932 - 2012
Graph showing the federal excise tax from 1932 to 2012. See table below for more detailed information.

 

Supporting Information

Federal Gasoline Excise Tax 1932 to Present
Year Cents per Gallon Year Cents per Gallon
1932 1 1973 4
1933 1.5 1974 4
1934 1 1975 4
1935 1 1976 4
1936 1 1977 4
1937 1 1978 4
1938 1 1979 4
1939 1 1980 4
1940 1.5 1981 4
1941 1.5 1982 4
1942 1.5 1983 9
1943 1.5 1984 9
1944 1.5 1985 9
1945 1.5 1986 9
1946 1.5 1987 9.1
1947 1.5 1988 9.1
1948 1.5 1989 9.1
1949 1.5 1990 14.1
1950 1.5 1991 14.1
1951 2 1992 14.1
1952 2 1993 14.1
1953 2 1994 18.4
1954 2 1995 18.4
1955 2 1996 18.3
1956 3 1997 18.4
1957 3 1998 18.4
1958 3 1999 18.4
1959 4 2000 18.4
1960 4 2001 18.4
1961 4 2002 18.4
1962 4 2003 18.4
1963 4 2004 18.4
1964 4 2005 18.4
1965 4 2006 18.4
1966 4 2007 18.4
1967 4 2008 18.4
1968 4 2009 18.4
1969 4 2010 18.4
1970 4 2011 18.4
1971 4 2012 18.4
1972 4    
Source: Tax Foundation website, Federal Gasoline Excise Tax Rate, 1932-2008

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