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The transportation sector consumed 28% of U.S. energy in 2010, nearly all of it (93.5%) in petroleum use. The industrial sector used about 40% petroleum and 40% natural gas. The electric utility sector used little petroleum, but was dependent on coal for nearly half of the energy it consumed. Renewables, such as biofuels for transportation, were being used in every sector in 2010.

Graph showing energy use by sector and source in 2010. The transportation sector consumed 28% of the U.S. energy deriving 93.5% from petroleum use. For more detailed information, see supporting information below.

Supporting Information

Energy Consumption by Sector and Source: 2010
  Transportation Residential Commerical Industrial Electric Utility
  Total Energy Share
  28.0% 7.0% 4.3% 20.4% 40.4%
  Energy Share by Source
Coal 0.0% 0.1% 1.4% 8.1% 48.3%
Natural Gas 2.5% 74.0% 78.5% 40.6% 19.0%
Petroleum 93.5% 17.8% 17.1% 40.1% 1.0%
Renewables 4.0% 8.1% 3.0% 11.3% 10.2%
Nuclear 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 21.3%
Total 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
  Primary Energy Use in Quadrillion Btu
  27.4 6.8 4.2 20.0 39.6

Source:
Source: U.S. Department of Energy, 2010 Vehicle Technologies Market Report. [Original source: Energy Information Administration, Monthly Energy Review.]

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