Results from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) show that about 70% of all freight movement in the U.S. is by truck, in terms of the shipment value and tonnage. Rail moves about 15% of freight tons, but moves those tons over great distances, accounting for 37% of ton-miles. Parcel delivery, US Postal Service (USPS) or courier service account for 13.5% of shipments by value, but less than half of one percent by tonnage.

Value, Tonnage, and Ton-Miles of Shipments by Mode, 2007 CFS

Supporting Information

World Vehicle Production (Thousands)
Transportation ModeShipment ValueTons ShippedTon-Miles
Parcel, USPS, or Courier13.5%0.3%0.8%
Multiple Modes2.9%4.5%13.2%
Other and Unknown Modes2.9%2.3%1.4%
All Modes$11.8 trillion13.0 billion3.5 trillion

Note: NA = not available due to high sampling variability or poor response quality.
Air includes truck to/from airport.
Source: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, "U.S. Freight on the Move: Survey Preliminary Data," SR-018, September 2009.

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