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In 2021, 50.8% of U.S. petroleum imports came from Canada, more than any other single country. Other countries supplying the U.S. with petroleum in 2021 were Mexico (8.5%), Russia (8.3%), and Saudi Arabia with 5.0%. No other country supplied more than 5% of U.S. petroleum imports. In 2021, U.S. petroleum imports were 38% lower than the high of 13.7 million barrels per day in 2005. Historically, the U.S. relied more heavily on OPEC countries (in blue colors below) for petroleum, but in 2021 only 11% came from OPEC.

Imported Petroleum by Country of Origin, 1970-2021

Notes: Organization for Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) includes Algeria, Angola, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and Venezuela.

“Other non-OPEC countries” includes Brazil, Columbia, Netherlands, Norway, United Kingdom, and U.S. Virgin Islands. Ecuador was a member of OPEC and counted in Other OPEC Countries for years 1973-1992 and 2007-2019 but counted as a non-OPEC country in all other years.

Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Monthly Energy Review, February 2022, Tables 3.3c and 3.3d.