A report on the energy-savings potential of solid-state lighting in agricultural applications, which updates a prior edition that focused on horticultural lighting only, with an expanded focus that includes animal lighting.
The analysis considered three indoor horticultural lighting categories: lighting supplemented greenhouses, high intensity sole-source farms, and sole-source indoor vertical farms typically growing leafy greens. To characterize animal lighting, the analysis investigated the three largest markets of livestock in the U.S. that use lighting – poultry, swine, and dairy farming.
To estimate energy consumption of agricultural lighting, the analysis utilized interviews with lighting manufacturers, growers, utility companies, academic professionals, and industry consultants, as well as various data sources. Each of these resources enabled the determination of total market size and illuminated area, typical lighting configuration, lighting power density for LED and incumbent technologies, operating hours, and the installed lighting technology mix.
Among the major findings:
- If all indoor horticultural lighting today was converted to LED technology, annual horticultural lighting consumption would be reduced to 6.3 TWh of site electricity, or 60 tBtu of source energy, which represents lighting energy savings of 34% or $350 million.
- If all animal lighting today was converted to LED technology, annual lighting energy consumption for animal production would be reduced to 2.8 TWh site electricity, or 26 tBtu of source energy, which represents lighting energy savings of 25% or $96 million.