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U.S. Department of Energy H2@Scale logo with service mark

H2@Scale is a concept that explores the potential for wide-scale hydrogen production and utilization in the United States to enable resiliency of the power generation and transmission sectors, while also aligning diverse multibillion dollar domestic industries, domestic competitiveness, and job creation.

Ten million metric tons of hydrogen are currently produced in the United States every year (95% of which is via centralized reforming of natural gas). Other approaches include hydrogen production from water splitting, such as electrolysis, photoelectrochemical cells, or solar thermochemical systems. The primary uses of hydrogen today are in the oil refining and ammonia industries. Other emerging applications include fuel cell vehicles, metals refining, and synthetic natural gas production.

Conceptual illustration of an H2@Scale (Hydrogen at Scale) energy system

If you are not familiar with the H2@Scale concept, please see presentations and proceedings from our recent workshops, available below, or view the H2@Scale handout.

Energy Department Announces Up to $64M to Advance H2@Scale in New Markets

On January 23, DOE announced up to $64 million in funding to advance innovations that will build new markets for the H2@Scale initiative. This investment will support transformational research and development of innovative hydrogen concepts that will encourage market expansion and increase the scale of hydrogen production, storage, transport, and use. View the FOA announcement.

DOE Announces $40 Million in Funding To Advance H2@Scale

On August 15, DOE announced approximately $40 million in FY 2019 funding for 29 projects to advance the H2@Scale concept. The selected projects will advance hydrogen storage and infrastructure technologies and identify innovative concepts for hydrogen production and utilization including grid resiliency. View the selection announcement.

H2@Scale Request for Information

DOE issued a Request for Information (RFI) in 2018 soliciting stakeholder feedback on opportunities to enable high volume production and multi-sector use of hydrogen. The objective of this RFI was to assess the domestic resources compatible with large-scale hydrogen production, as well as to identify pathways to effectively leverage these resources for near- and long-term use in major industries. View the past RFI.

H2@Scale CRADA Call

DOE is seeking qualified partners to participate in cooperative research and development agreement (CRADA) projects with the H2@Scale national laboratories consortium. While the 2017 call for CRADA projects has closed, additional projects may be considered pending available funds. Interested parties are encouraged to review the 2017 CRADA call on the National Renewable Energy Laboratory website, and submit applications to

H2@Scale National Lab Capabilities

The capabilities of DOE's National Laboratories are a key piece in enabling the H2@Scale vision. We are hopeful that the DOE, national labs, and industry will continue to work together on the research and development (R&D) needed to advance H2@Scale. View the presentations on national laboratory capabilities that were presented at the Annual Merit Review H2@Scale Review Session on June 9, 2017.

H2@Scale Workshops and Events

Long Beach, California: November 2019

The Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies Office (HFTO) held an H2@Scale Workshop at the 2019 Fuel Cell Seminar and Energy Exposition on November 5, 2019, in Long Beach, California. The objectives were to (1) provide an overview of activities and areas of interest under the H2@Scale initiative, including hydrogen and fuel cells for multiple applications; (2) present key accomplishments from H2@Scale research, development, and demonstration projects and analysis, and obtain feedback from broad stakeholders to guide future work; and (3) identify, discuss, and prioritize research and development priorities to advance hydrogen and fuel cell technologies in support of H2@Scale, including potential areas of international collaboration to accelerate progress. View the workshop presentations.

Chicago, Illinois: August 2018

HFTO hosted an H2@Scale Consortium Kick-Off Meeting on August 1, 2018, in Chicago, Illinois. The objectives were to identify opportunities for hydrogen in the transportation, industrial, and power generation sectors, as well as to enable collaborations with industry, academia, and national lab stakeholders to advance H2@Scale both nationally and regionally. The H2@Scale Consortium now includes over 20 new CRADA projects. View the meeting presentations.

Long Beach, California: November 2017

HFTO organized an H2@Scale Session at the Fuel Cell Seminar to: (1) provide an overview of current and upcoming early-stage R&D activities within H2@Scale, including selections from the 2017 H2@Scale CRADA Call; (2) identify opportunities to align hydrogen technologies with evolution in power generation, transmission, and transportation sectors; and (3) assess hydrogen infrastructure needs to align and enable growth of diverse industries. View the session presentations and workshop report.

Houston, Texas Workshop: May 2017

HFTO and the University of Houston hosted an H2@Scale Workshop on May 23–24, 2017, in Houston, Texas, to gather stakeholder feedback on early-stage R&D needs outlined in the draft H2@Scale Roadmap, identify opportunities to align R&D needs with industry priorities and national lab capabilities, and identify regional and near-term opportunities to advance H2@Scale. View the workshop report and presentations.

Golden, Colorado Workshop: November 2016

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory hosted the H2@Scale Workshop on November 16–17, 2016, in Golden, Colorado, to obtain feedback from industry, regulatory bodies, utilities, and other stakeholders to identify the opportunities, challenges, and barriers for the H2@Scale concept. View the workshop presentations.