U.S. Department of Energy H2@Scale logo with service mark

H2@Scale is a concept that explores the potential for wide-scale hydrogen production and utilization in the United States to enable resiliency of the power generation and transmission sectors, while also aligning diverse multibillion dollar domestic industries, domestic competitiveness, and job creation.

Ten million metric tons of hydrogen are currently produced in the United States every year (95% of which is via centralized reforming of natural gas). Other approaches include hydrogen production from water splitting, such as electrolysis, photoelectrochemical cells, or solar thermochemical systems. The primary uses of hydrogen today are in the oil refining and ammonia industries. Other emerging applications include fuel cell vehicles, metals refining, and synthetic natural gas production.

Conceptual illustration of an H2@Scale (Hydrogen at Scale) energy system
CCUS: Carbon Capture, Utilization, and Storage

If you are not familiar with the H2@Scale concept, please see presentations and proceedings from our recent workshops, available below, or view our H2@Scale handouts:

H2@Scale Technical Reports

Assessment of Potential Future Demands for Hydrogen in the United States (Argonne National Laboratory, October 2020)

The Technical and Economic Potential of the H2@Scale Concept within the United States (National Renewable Energy Laboratory, October 2020)

Resource Assessment for Hydrogen Production (National Renewable Energy Laboratory, July 2020)

H2@Scale Past Funding Opportunities and Requests for Information

DOE Announces Approximately $64M in Funding for 18 Projects to Advance H2@Scale

On July 20, 2020, DOE announced approximately $64 million in Fiscal Year (FY) 2020 funding for 18 projects that will support the H2@Scale vision for affordable hydrogen production, storage, distribution, and use. These projects will fuel the next round of research, development, and demonstration activities under H2@Scale's multi-year initiative to fully realize hydrogen's benefits across the economy. View the FY 2020 selection announcement.

H2@Scale 2020 CRADA Call

On July 1, 2020, DOE announced a request for proposals for qualified partners to participate in cooperative research and development agreement (CRADA) projects with DOE's national laboratories in support of H2@Scale. This solicitation closed on Aug. 14, 2020. More information can be found on the National Renewable Energy Laboratory’s H2@Scale Laboratory CRADA Call website.

DOE Announces $40 Million in Funding To Advance H2@Scale

On Aug. 15, 2019, DOE announced approximately $40 million in FY 2019 funding for 29 projects to advance the H2@Scale concept. The selected projects will advance hydrogen storage and infrastructure technologies and identify innovative concepts for hydrogen production and utilization including grid resiliency. View the FY 2019 selection announcement.

H2@Scale 2018 Request for Information

DOE issued a Request for Information (RFI) in 2018 soliciting stakeholder feedback on opportunities to enable high volume production and multi-sector use of hydrogen. The objective of this RFI was to assess the domestic resources compatible with large-scale hydrogen production, as well as to identify pathways to effectively leverage these resources for near- and long-term use in major industries. View the past RFI.

H2@Scale National Lab Capabilities

The capabilities of DOE's National Laboratories are a key piece in enabling the H2@Scale vision. We are hopeful that the DOE, national labs, and industry will continue to work together on the research and development (R&D) needed to advance H2@Scale. View the presentations on national laboratory capabilities that were presented at the Annual Merit Review H2@Scale Review Session on June 9, 2017.

H2@Scale Workshops and Events

H2@Airports Workshop, November 2020

H2@Scale Workshop: 2019 Fuel Cell Seminar, November 2019

H2@Ports Workshop, September 2019

H2@RailSM Workshop, March 2019

Hydrogen and Fuel Cells for Data Center Applications Project Meeting, March 2019

View additional H2@Scale workshops.