The United States Congress has mandated through various statutes that the Department of Energy (DOE) is to implement energy conservation standards and test procedures for residential products and commercial and industrial equipment. DOE has published regulations in the Code of Federal Regulations for more than 50 categories of appliance and equipment types.

Statutory Authorities

The authority to develop, revise, and implement minimum energy conservation standards for appliances and equipment was established by Congress in Part B of Title III of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA), Public Law 94-163, as amended by the:

These laws are codified in the United States Code, Title 42, Chapter 77, Subchapter III, Part A—Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products Other Than Automobiles and Part A-1—Certain Industrial Equipment.


Regulations are issued by executive branch agencies to carry out federal laws and are available in the Code of Federal Regulations.

For regulations pertaining to appliance standards and test procedures, see CFR Title 10, Chapter II, Part 430; for commercial and industrial equipment standards and test procedures, see Title 10, Chapter II, Part 431; for certification, compliance, and enforcement standards, see Title 10, Chapter II, Part 429.

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