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April 22, 2019
Artificial Intelligence and Deep Learning Accelerate Efforts to Develop Clean, Virtually Limitless Fusion Energy
Nuclear fusion power delivered by magnetic confinement tokamak reactors carries the promise of sustainable and clean energy for the future.
April 19, 2019
Slow Charge Generation Plays Big Role in Model Material for Solar Cells
To design molecular solar cells, sensors, etc., researchers need to know how light creates electricity on an atomic scale. This isn’t easy
April 18, 2019
Spin Flipper Upends Protons
The spin of high-energy proton beams is strongly coupled to their orbit direction: a one-degree orbit deflection will also rotate the spin of a 255
April 18, 2019
Sea Quark Spin Surprise!
Since the 1980s, scientists have known that quark and antiquark spins within a proton account for, at best, a quarter of the overall proton spin.
April 17, 2019
The Weak Side of the Proton
The weak force’s effects can be observed in our everyday world: it initiates the chain of reactions that power the sun, and it provides a
April 15, 2019
Fast-Moving Pairs May Solve 35-Year-Old Mystery
The European Muon Collaboration discovered the EMC Effect in data taken at CERN. The collaboration found that quarks inside a nucleus appeared
April 15, 2019
Team Takes Fluoride from Taps and Toothpaste to Batteries
Researchers discovered a new liquid electrolyte named BTFE. The electrolyte could replace the molten salt currently used in fluoride-based
April 12, 2019
Quarks Under Pressure in the Proton
Inside every proton in every atom in the universe is a pressure cooker environment that surpasses the atom-crushing heart of a neutron star. That
April 8, 2019
Atomic Maps Reveal How Iron Rusts
Both underneath our feet and in the skyscrapers towering above, iron is constantly reacting. In the soil, these reactions can affect both nutrient
April 8, 2019
Strain and Defects Grow in Tiny Magnetite Crystals When Oxidized
Solid-water interfaces are primary sites for physiochemical phenomena in natural and technological systems, especially for reactions that occur at
March 21, 2019
How Does Mother Nature Tackle the Tough Triple Bond Found in Nitrogen?
For every molecule of nitrogen transformed to ammonia, nitrogenase makes at least one molecule of hydrogen (H2), which has been a
March 21, 2019
A Detailed View of the Ancestor of Photosynthesis
By studying photosynthesis, scientists can uncover key details about how organisms use light to drive their metabolism. This fundamental
March 21, 2019
Some Bacteria Make a Big Difference in Dryland Wheat Farming
Researchers set out to discover the mechanisms that control the accumulation of PCA under dryland conditions. Led by Melissa LeTourneau, an Office
March 14, 2019
Sampling Guts of Live Moose to Understand How They Break Down Biomass
While previous studies used hunter-killed animals, this study sampled live free-ranging Alaska moose grazing in the wild. By equipping these moose
March 14, 2019
How Injected Microbes Persist in Hydraulically Fractured Shale
The team re-created a shale microbial community in the laboratory. This allowed them to measure microbial activity and fluid chemistry under
March 14, 2019
Fitting a Square Peg in a Round Hole: The Surprising Structure of Uranium Bound in Hematite
While scientists have been studying the binding of uranium to iron-bearing minerals for some time using X-ray spectroscopy, different researchers
March 8, 2019
Unique Interface and Unexpected Behavior Help Explain How Heavy Metals Act
Solvent extraction, the go-to technology for reprocessing nuclear waste or refining rare earths and precious metals, involves the preferential
February 28, 2019
A Simplified Way to Predict the Function of Microbial Communities
To know how microbial activity varied in response to flooding, the team studied three types of organic matter that are commonly found in three
February 27, 2019
Unexpected Complexity: A 3D Look into Plant Root Relationships with Nitrogen-Fixing Bacteria
Previous studies led scientists to believe the distribution of bacterially derived metabolic by-products within the nodules was uniform. Scientists
February 26, 2019
Get to the Root: Tiny Poplar Roots Extract More Water than Their Larger Counterparts after Drought
Knowledge of plant root function under stress is largely based on indirect measurements of bulk soil water or nutrient extraction, which limits
February 26, 2019
First Observation of Methane’s Increasing Greenhouse Effect at the Earth’s Surface
While atmospheric methane concentrations plateaued between 1995 and 2006, they have since increased and are expected to impact the surface energy
February 26, 2019
Who Can Sort the Rain?
The team analyzed twelve disdrometer data sets (including four from the Department of Energy’s Atmospheric Radiation Measurement user
February 25, 2019
Gust or Bust: Blustery Winds Important for Modeling Tropical Rainfall
Earth system models struggle to represent some aspects of tropical circulations, leading to offsets from observations in tropical rainfall. In
February 19, 2019
Steady as She Goes
Fusion reactors need to run in a steady state and must reduce or eliminate ELMs, intense bursts of heat and particles that collide with the walls
February 19, 2019
Silicon and a State of Shock
In addition to being a key material in the semi-conductor industry, and one of the most studied materials at high pressure, silicon as a ceramic