University Highlights

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February 1, 2017
Chemistry for the Bottom of the Periodic Table
The distribution of indium and thallium between the aqueous and organic phases is the key to understanding the separation of these elements. An
February 1, 2017
First Light Shines in Instrument Designed to Solve the Neutrino Controversy
The KArlsruhe TRItium Neutrino mass (KATRIN) project can measure neutrino mass by a very careful determination of the electron spectrum emitted by
February 1, 2017
One Small Change Makes Solar Cells More Efficient
In the quest to replace more traditional solar materials, such as silicon, with more efficient and high-performing options, scientists have been
January 27, 2017
Meeting the Challenge of Diagnostics for Super-Hot Plasmas in Fusion Reactors
Controlled thermonuclear fusion is the process of fusing light elements into heavier elements to release energy for non-weapons applications.
January 27, 2017
High-Energy Electrons Probe Ultrafast Atomic Motion
The interactions of electrons and the atoms they reside in are important for a range of phenomena, from fundamental electron and spin transport, to
January 26, 2017
Keep ’Em Separated
Second-generation bioethanol is derived from cellulose-based feedstocks. Production of such bioethanol is expected to grow significantly worldwide
January 26, 2017
Creating Bionic Enzymes
Enzymes that contain metal ions—that is, metalloenzymes—possess the reactivity of a transition metal center and the molecular evolution
January 23, 2017
Supercomputers for Quantum Computers
One of the leading methods for creating qubits involves exploiting specific structural atomic defects in diamonds. Using diamonds is both
January 23, 2017
Bacteria’s Secret Weapon
Microbes such as fungi and bacteria produce enzymes, called glycoside hydrolases, to acquire nutrients through the degradation of cellulose&mdash
January 23, 2017
A New World Discovered Underground
The subterranean world hosts up to one fifth of all biomass, including microbial communities that drive transformations central to Earth’s
January 9, 2017
Seashell Formation Provides Understanding of Historic Oceanographic Conditions
Foraminifera are a group of marine protozoans with a fossil record that extends back to the earliest Cambrian period, offering one of the most
January 9, 2017
Light Strikes Gold
Gold is highly stable and has other attractive features suitable for various industrial and medical applications, but controlling the size and
January 9, 2017
How Moisture Affects the Way Soil Microbes Breathe
Moisture conditions in soil affect the respiration rate of heterotrophic microbes. A heterotrophic organism obtains its food and energy by taking
January 1, 2017
Ion–Electron Collisions Can Heal Material Defects
Typically, exposure of a material to energetic particles, such as ions or neutrons, creates many defects that result in damage to the structure.
January 1, 2017
Rare Earth Recycling
Rare earth elements are crucial materials in many consumer products, such as electronics and automobiles. These elements currently have a
December 14, 2016
Surrounded by Water
Scientists understand the macroscopic behavior of the interaction between water and acid, yet the microscopic behavior and the specific structures
December 14, 2016
Spinning the (X-ray) Light Fantastic
At the LCLS, researchers have demonstrated the generation of X-ray pulses with polarization control at photon energies from 280 eV to 1200 eV, by
December 14, 2016
Not Your Typical “Cut Glass Crystal”
Using a focused laser beam, researchers demonstrated for the first time that single crystals could be written into a solid glass matrix as dots,
December 13, 2016
Polarized Partners: Spinning Electrons Yield Spinning Positrons
Researchers use accelerators to coax the electron into performing a wide range of tricks to enable medical tests and treatments, improve product
December 6, 2016
Shattering Protons in High-Energy Collisions Confirms Higgs Boson Production
The 2012 discovery of a Higgs boson by two of the Large Hadron Collider’s (LHC’s) experiments—ATLAS (for ‎A Toroidal LHC
December 5, 2016
New Limits in the Search for Sterile Neutrinos
The detection of neutrino oscillations, a discovery that garnered the 2015 Nobel Prize in Physics, is a proof that neutrinos have mass –
November 30, 2016
How to 3D Print on the Nanoscale
Precision control of nanometer scale 3D fabrication has been a longstanding research goal. Now, researchers have developed a 3D simulation that
November 30, 2016
Lining up for New High-Density Memory Devices
Scientists grew a vertically aligned nanocomposites lattice matched on a SrTiO3 (STO) substrate using laser deposition. These micrometer-thick
November 30, 2016
DNA + Nanoparticles = Self-Assembled “Diamond”
For the first time, scientists devised ordered arrays (superlattices) of nanoparticles, which organize in the same way that carbon atoms do within
November 29, 2016
Make No Assumptions in Building a Better Battery
Zinc-manganese oxide rechargeable batteries have been studied for more than 20 years, but the batteries usually stop working after a limited number