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July 1, 2016
LED Lighting May Now Shine  Brighter
LED Lighting May Now Shine Brighter
The presence of defects in semiconductor materials, such as the missing gallium atoms in the image, were known to drastically decrease the light
June 30, 2016
Closing the Loop: Ionic Liquids from Biomass Waste Could Pretreat Plants Destined for Biofuels
Closing the Loop: Ionic Liquids from Biomass Waste Could Pretreat Plants Destined for Biofuels
Researchers, led by those from the U.S. Department of Energy Joint BioEnergy Institute, sought to decrease the cost of ILs by synthesizing them
June 20, 2016
Water Gunks Up Biofuels Production from Bio-Oils
Water Gunks Up Biofuels Production from Bio-Oils
Various catalysts can be used in the hydrodeoxygenation process, which removes oxygen-containing compounds or oxygenates, but the best catalysts
June 9, 2016
Taking on the Heat in Solar Cells: New Calculations Show Atomic Vibrations Hurt Efficiency
Taking on the Heat in Solar Cells: New Calculations Show Atomic Vibrations Hurt Efficiency
When sunlight is absorbed in a solar cell, negatively charged electrons and positively charged holes are created which in turn drive electrical
June 9, 2016
Towards Eco-friendly Industrial-Scale Hydrogen Production
Towards Eco-friendly Industrial-Scale Hydrogen Production
Molecular hydrogen (H2) is an eco-friendly fuel because only waste water is produced when it is burned in combustion engines or used in
June 7, 2016
Tiny Droplets… Lead to Exotic Properties
Tiny Droplets… Lead to Exotic Properties
Biology uses stress, defects, molecular configuration (for example, handedness), and hierarchical design strategies to assemble and/or create a
June 7, 2016
Atomic Sculpting with a Microscope
Atomic Sculpting with a Microscope
3D printing has revolutionized the way we can make and design materials. Now a team led by scientists at Oak Ridge National Laboratory has added
June 6, 2016
Understanding and Predicting Self-Assembly
Understanding and Predicting Self-Assembly
Scientists aspire to build nanostructures that mimic the complexity and function of nature’s proteins, but are made of durable and synthetic
May 20, 2016
Supercomputers Predict New Turbulent Interactions in Fusion Plasmas
Supercomputers Predict New Turbulent Interactions in Fusion Plasmas
A collaboration of researchers from MIT, University of California at San Diego, and General Atomics have performed the first set of realistic
April 30, 2016
Changing Colors for Built-in Sunblock
Changing Colors for Built-in Sunblock
The development of artificial photosynthetic systems for making chemical fuels from solar energy is a long-term research objective that spans many
April 30, 2016
Hollow and Filled with Potential
Hollow and Filled with Potential
Improving the efficiency of catalysts could enhance many chemical reactions used in industry and research laboratories. To improve efficiency,
March 31, 2016
Janus-like Nanoparticle Membranes
Janus-like Nanoparticle Membranes
Membranes made from nanoparticles offer versatility because both the inorganic core and the organic ligand shell composition can be tuned
February 29, 2016
What Is the Size of the Atomic Nucleus?
What Is the Size of the Atomic Nucleus?
The “neutron skin” of the nucleus of a calcium-48 atom is much thinner than thought. An international team of nuclear physicists led by