The primary mission of the Nuclear Energy (NE) program is to advance nuclear power as a resource capable of contributing toward the nation’s energy supply, environmental, and national security needs. To ensure that nuclear energy remains a viable energy option for the nation, NE supports research, development, and demonstration activities, when appropriate, designed to resolve the technical, cost, safety, waste management, proliferation resistance, and security challenges of increased use of nuclear energy. NE leads the federal research effort to develop nuclear energy technologies, including generation, safety, waste storage and management, and security technologies to help meet energy security, proliferation resistance, and climate goals.

See the DOE FY 2023 Budget Request.

Office of Nuclear Energy FY 2020-23 Budget

Dollars in Thousands

 

FY 2020 Appropriation

FY 2021
Appropriation

FY 2022
Appropriation

FY 2023
Congressional Request

Integrated University Program $5,000 $5,000 $6,000 0
Supercritical Transformational Electric Power (STEP) R&D $5,000 $5,000 0 0
Reactor Concepts RD&D        
   Advanced Small Modular Reactor RD&D $100,000 $115,000 $150,000 $40,000
   Light Water Reactor Sustainability $47,000 $47,000 $48,000 $45,000
   Advanced Reactor Technologies $55,000 $46,000 $59,000 $50,000
   Versatile Advanced Test Reactor $65,000      
Reactor Concepts RD&D -- subtotal $267,000 $208,000 $257,000 $135,000
Fuel Cycle R&D        
   Mining, Conversion and Transportation $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $1,500
   Civil Nuclear Enrichment $40,000 $40,000 0 0
   Materials Recovery and Waste Form Development $30,000 $25,000 $30,000 $38,000
   Accident Tolerant Fuels $95,600 $105,800 $115,000 $113,900
   TRISO Fuel and Graphite Qualification $30,000 $36,000 $37,000 $27,000
    Fuel Cycle R&D Core Activities $20,000 $20,000 $23,150 $46,500
   High-Assay, Low-Enriched Uranium Availability     $45,000 $95,000
   Used Nuclear Fuel Disposition Research and Development $62,500 $62,500 $50,000 $46,875
   Integrated Waste Management System $25,000 $18,000 $18,000 $53,000
Fuel Cycle R&D -- subtotal $305,100 $309,300 $320,150 $421,775
Nuclear Energy Enabling Technologies        
   Crosscutting Technology Development $25,000 $28,000 $29,000 $35,250
   Joint Modeling and Simulation Program $35,000 $35,000 $30,000 $28,327
   Nuclear Science User Facilities $30,000 $30,000 $33,000 $39,160
   Transformational Challenge Reactor $23,450 $29,869 $25,000 0
Nuclear Energy Enabling Technologies -- subtotal $113,450 $122,869 $117,000 $102,737
Advanced Reactor Demonstration Program        
   National Reactor Innovation Center $20,000 $30,000 $55,000 $75,000
   Demonstration 1 (Xe) $80,000 $80,000 $30,000 0
   Demonstration 2 (Natrium) $80,000 $80,000 $30,000 0
   Risk Reduction for Future Demonstrations $30,000 $40,000 $115,000 $140,238
   Regulatory Development $15,000 $15,000 $15,000 $10,250
   Advanced Reactor Safeguards $5,000 $5,000 $5,000 $4,750
Advanced Reactor Demonstration Program -- subtotal $230,000 $250,000 $250,000 $230,238
Versatile Test Reactor Project        
   Other Project Costs   $43,000 0 $45,000
   21-E-200, Versatile Test Reactor   $2,000 0 0
Versatile Test Reactor Project -- subtotal   $45,000 0 $45,000
Infrastructure        
   INL Facilities Operations & Maintenance $280,000 $280,000 $295,000 $326,924
   ORNL Infrastructure Facilities O&M $20,000 $20,000 $20,000 0
   Research Reactor Infrastructure $9,000 $11,500 $15,000 0
     16-E-200, Sample Preparation Laboratory $25,450 $26,000 $41,850 $7,300
Infrastructure -- subtotal $334,450 $337,500 $371,850 $334,224
Idaho Sitewide Safeguards and Security $153,408 $149,800 $149,800 $156,600
International Nuclear Energy Cooperation     $3,000 $3,000
Program Direction $80,000 $75,131 $80,000 $85,457
Total, Nuclear Energy R&D $1,493,408 $1,507,600 $1,654,800 $1,675,060
Nuclear Waste Fund Oversight 0 $27,500 $27,500 $10,205
NR Transfer $88,500 $91,000 $92,747 0
TOTAL, OFFICE OF NUCLEAR ENERGY $1,581,908  $1,626,100 $1,775,047 $1,685,265