nuclear milestone graphic
Nuclear storage cask containing accident tolerant fuel
Westinghouse irradiated accident tolerant fuel is delivered to Oak Ridge National Laboratory for examination.
Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) recently received several nuclear fuel test rods that were irradiated in a commercial reactor. The new advanced fuel concept is being developed by Westinghouse through the U.S. Department of Energy’s Accident Tolerant Fuel Program. The industry-led effort is looking to commercialize new fuels within the decade to help improve the performance and economics of U.S. reactors.  

ORNL will examine the irradiated fuel rods over the next year to support licensing efforts with the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC).  

Special Delivery 

Westinghouse loaded its accident tolerant fuel concept into a U.S. commercial reactor in the spring of 2019. The lead test rods were removed during a fall 2020 refueling outage and shipped by NAC International to ORNL back in June of this year. The shipment was made possible through coordinated efforts between ORNL, the lab’s DOE Site Office, Idaho National Laboratory (INL), Westinghouse, NAC International, and the commercial operator. 

ORNL will perform post-irradiation experiments on the fuel to help qualify the fuel with the NRC. Initial visual inspections of the fuel showed no signs of degradation after it was removed from the reactor.  

“Westinghouse continues to make incredible strides in the development of its accident tolerant fuels,” said Frank Goldner, a nuclear engineer within DOE’s Office of Nuclear Energy. “These fuels will have a tangible impact on the industry once deployed in the near-term and could help make our U.S. fleet more economical to operate.”  

Time for an EnCore® 

New advanced fuel pellets developed by Westinghouse
ADOPT fuel pellets developed by Westinghouse.

Westinghouse is developing accident tolerant fuel through its EnCore® Fuel program. The company is testing a chromium-coated zirconium alloy cladding that is loaded with their ADOPT™ higher density uranium fuel pellets. The program is receiving support from INL and ORNL to provide utilities with longer operation times, increased power outputs and higher fuel burnup. 

The fuel is being developed in two phases to offer both near-term (ADOPT and chromium cladding) and longer-term solutions, including uranium nitride pellets and an advanced silicon carbide-based concept in development with General Atomics for future implementation. 

Accident Tolerant Fuels 

Westinghouse is one of three U.S. nuclear fuel vendors working with DOE to develop new accident tolerant fuels that can enhance accident tolerance of light water reactor fuel during severe accident conditions as well as improve the performance and related economics of today’s reactors.  

The shipment milestone is the latest achievement by Westinghouse in its efforts to commercialize its EnCore Fuel program. The NRC recently accepted the company’s topical report on its ADOPT fuel pellet that will also be considered during the licensing process.  

All three vendors are on track to have their accident tolerant fuels ready for batch loading by the mid-2020s and commercially available with widespread adoption by 2030.