The United States and Israel maintain a close partnership on energy issues. Scientific research & development helps advance the capabilities of both countries in a wide variety of areas, notably cybersecurity for energy infrastructure, renewable energy, the water/power nexus, energy storage, and fossil energy, undergird strong bilateral and multilateral energy policy collaboration. DOE International Affairs pursues specific cooperation under the U.S.-Israel Energy Center, BIRD Energy, and broader regional efforts such as the Eastern Mediterranean Gas Forum (EMGF).