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Providing plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) charging stations at the workplace is one strategy by which agencies can reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by encouraging the displacement of commuters' petroleum fuel with lower-emission electricity. Executive Order 13693 instructs Federal agencies to consider the development of policies to promote sustainable commuting and work-related travel practices including workplace vehicle charging for federal employees. Nearly 20 Federal agencies have committed to providing employee charging by joining the Workplace Charging Challenge as of 2016.

Until 2015, Federal agencies had no specific authority to allow employees to charge their PEVs at work. This changed with the enactment of the Fixing America’s Surface Transportation Act (FAST Act) that authorizes agencies to allow employees and other authorized users to use existing or install new charging stations and requires the collection of fees to recover these costs.

To support the implementation of workplace charging at federal facilities, the White House Council on Environmental Quality Office of Federal Sustainability released guidance for new and existing Level 1 charging receptacles (i.e. wall outlets) and Level 1, Level 2 and DC Fast Charger Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment.