Car-sharing programs are not new to the United States, but have grown significantly over the last five years in an effort to provide an alternative to car ownership. Typically, car-sharing programs have membership requirements and hourly rates, unlike the rental-car business. Car-sharing programs may have a common vehicle fleet owned by the company or share members' vehicles. In addition, ride-summoning programs are also being used as an alternative to car ownership.

Car-sharing typically falls into two categories:

  1. Fleet vehicles provided by the company can be rented by the hour. Examples include:
    • Enterprise CarShare
    • ZipCar
    • UHaulCarShare
    • Car2Go
  2. Fleet vehicles owned by members can be rented by other members. Examples include:
    • FlightCar
    • RelayRides

Ride-Summoning programs Uber and Lyft are the leading ride-summoning companies. Members use a mobile app to request transportation from a background-checked driver.

National Car-Sharing and Ride-Summoning Companies by State of Operation

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Note: RelayRides cannot operate in the state of New York due to insurance laws.
Source: Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 2014 Vehicle Technologies Market Report, ORNL/TM-2015/85, March 2015.

Fact #867 Dataset

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