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Electric vehicles (EVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) have been available in the U.S. in limited numbers for many years. The introduction of the Nissan Leaf and Chevrolet Volt at the end of 2010 mark the beginning of mainstream plug-in vehicle sales in the U.S. market. The Chevrolet Volt and Nissan Leaf have continued to account for a large share of the plug-in vehicle sales through the second quarter of 2013. However, newer models introduced in 2012 have begun to capture a sizeable share of the plug-in market. Though still a tiny fraction of overall vehicle sales, the growth in plug-in vehicle sales tripled from 2011 to 2012 and the first two quarters of 2013 plug-in vehicle sales were just below total sales for all of 2012.

Plug-In and Electric Vehicle Sales by Quarters (In Order of Market Introduction)
Graph showing the number of plug-in and electric vehicle sales by quarters from Q4 of 2010 to Q2 of 2013. See table below for more detailed information.

Supporting Information

Plug-In and Electric Vehicle Sales (In Order of Market Introduction)
Quarter & Year Volt Leaf Smart ED Mitsubishi I EV BMW Active E Prius PHEV Ford Focus Honda Fit EV Tesla Model S* RAV4 EV Ford
C-Max Energi
Honda Accord Ford Fusion Energi Chevrolet Spark Total Cumulative
Q42010 326 19                         345 345
Q12011 1,210 452 32                       1,694 2,039
Q22011 1,535 3,423 8                       4,966 7,005
Q32011 1,150 3,324 2                       4,476 11,481
Q42011 3,776 2,475 300 76                     6,627 18,108
Q12012 3,915 1,733 2 136 553 911                 7,250 25,358
Q22012 4,902 1,415 127 197 120 3,435 95               10,291 35,649
Q32012 7,531 2,064 7 106 0 3,387 131 32 250 61         13,569 49,218
Q42012 7,113 4,607 3 149 -2 5,016 457 61 2,150 131 2,374       22,059 71,277
Q12013 4,244 3,539 2 625 0 2,353 419 46 4,750 210 1,166 45 414   17,813 89,090
Q22013 5,611 6,300 113 257 0 1,861 481 245 5,900 198 1,316 155 1,170 27 23,634 112,724
Total 41,313 29,351 596 1,546 671 16,963 1,583 384 13,050 600 4,856 200 1,584 27 112,724  

*Tesla Model S numbers are estimated.
Source: U.S. Department of Energy, Visualizing Electric Vehicle Sales, accessed August 9, 2013.

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