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Electric vehicles (EVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) have been available in the U.S. in limited numbers for many years. The introduction of the Nissan Leaf and Chevrolet Volt at the end of 2010 mark the beginning of mainstream plug-in vehicle sales in the U.S. market. The Chevrolet Volt and Nissan Leaf have continued to account for a large share of the plug-in vehicle sales through the second quarter of 2013. However, newer models introduced in 2012 have begun to capture a sizeable share of the plug-in market. Though still a tiny fraction of overall vehicle sales, the growth in plug-in vehicle sales tripled from 2011 to 2012 and the first two quarters of 2013 plug-in vehicle sales were just below total sales for all of 2012.
Plug-In and Electric Vehicle Sales by Quarters (In Order of Market Introduction)
|Quarter & Year||Volt||Leaf||Smart ED||Mitsubishi I EV||BMW Active E||Prius PHEV||Ford Focus||Honda Fit EV||Tesla Model S*||RAV4 EV||Ford
|Honda Accord||Ford Fusion Energi||Chevrolet Spark||Total||Cumulative|
*Tesla Model S numbers are estimated.