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Many states offer their own consumer incentives for plug-in vehicles, such as HOV lane exemptions and tax credits/rebates, as shown in the table below. In some states there are also private incentives offered, typically by utility companies that offer lower electric rates for vehicle charging through the installation of a secondary meter.

State and Private Consumer Incentives for Plug-In Vehicles
Incentive State
High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) Lane Exemption AZ, CA, CO, FL, GA, HI, MD, NJ, NY, NC, TN, UT, VA


PEV Purchase Incentives: Tax Credits and Rebates CA, GA, IL, LA, MD, MI, OK, PA, SC, TN, TX, UT, WV


Electric Rates for Residents with a Separate Meter for PEV Charging AK, AL, AZ, CA, GA, HI, IN, KY, MI, MN, NV, TX, VA


Charging Equipment/Installation Incentive AZ, CA, CO, IL, IN, MD, MI, TN, TX


Vehicle Inspection/Emissions Testing Exemption CA, ID, MD, MI, MO, NV, NC, VA, WA


Parking Incentives AZ, CA, CT, HI, NV, UT


Sales and/or Use Tax Exemption AZ, NJ, WA
Fuel Tax Exemption WI, UT
Reduced License Tax AZ
Reduced Registration Fee IL, IA
Conversion Tax Credit MT
Vehicle-to-Grid Energy Credit DE
Idle Reduction Technology Tax Credit CO
Weight Limit Exemption CO
Title Tax Exemption DC
Reduced Toll Road Rates NJ

While the states that offer incentives are scattered throughout the U.S., those states along the West Coast and in the Southern and Eastern portions of the U.S. tend to offer incentives while the Western Plain states and New England do not, as shown in the map below.

Map of State and Private Incentives for Plug-In Vehicles
Map of the United States showing number of incentives for plug-in vehicles in each state. Supporting Information table below explains what is shown in color in the map.

Supporting Information

Number of State and Private Consumer Incentives for Plug-In Vehicles, 2013
State Number of Incentives
Alabama 1
Alaska 1
Arkansas 0
California 6
Colorado 4
Connecticut 1
Delaware 1
District of Columbia 1
Florida 1
Georgia 3
Hawaii 3
Idaho 1
Illinois 3
Indiana 2
Iowa 1
Kansas 0
Kentucky 1
Louisiana 1
Maine 0
Maryland 3
Massachusetts 0
Michigan 4
Minnesota 2
Mississippi 0
Missouri 1
Montana 1
Nebraska 0
Nevada 3
New Hampshire 0
New Jersey 3
New Mexico 0
New York 1
North Carolina 2
North Dakota 0
Ohio 0
Oklahoma 1
Oregon 0
Pennsylvania 1
Rhode Island 0
South Carolina 1
South Dakota 0
Tennessee 3
Utah 4
Vermont 0
Virginia 3
Washington 3
West Virginia 1
Wisconsin 0

Alternative Fuels Data Center website. Accessed June 28, 2013.
Northeast Group, LLC, United States Smart Grid: Utility Electric Vehicle Tariffs, July 2013.
Tesla Motors, Inc. Electric Vehicle Incentives Around the World.

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