Fact #707: December 26, 2011 Illustration of Truck Classes

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There are eight truck classes, categorized by the gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) that the vehicle is assigned when it is manufactured. These categories are used by the trucking industry and many government agencies to classify trucks. The pictures below show examples of some of the different types of trucks that would be included in each class.

Examples of Trucks in Each Truck Class
Graphic showing the 8 truck classes and examples of trucks that are included in each class. For more detailed information, see supporting information below.

Supporting Information

Examples of Trucks in Each Truck Class
Class 1 – 6,000 lbs & Less
Minivan Cargo Van SUV Pickup Truck
Class 2 – 6,001 to 10,000 lbs
Minivan Cargo Van Full-Size Pickup Step Van
Class 3 – 10,001 to 14,000 lbs
Walk-in Box Truck City Delivery Heavy-Duty Pickup
Class 4 – 14,001 to 16,000 lbs
Large Walk-in Box Truck City Delivery  
Class 5 – 16,001 to 19,500 lbs
Bucket Truck Large Walk-in City Delivery  
Class 6 – 19,501 to 16,000 lbs
Beverage Truck Single-Axle School Bus Rack Truck
Class 7 – 26,001 to 33,000 lbs
Refuse Furniture City Transit Bus Truck Tractor
Class 8 – 33,001 lbs & Over
Cement Truck Truck Tractor Dump Truck Sleeper

Source: Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Center for Transportation Analysis, Oak Ridge, TN.

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