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Primary energy exports from the United States have been increasing over the last ten years, resulting in a 205% increase from 2008 to 2018. Primary energy imports into the United States have declined from the peak in 2007, resulting in a 25% decrease from 2008 to 2018. Net energy imports in 2018 dropped below five quadrillion Btu for the first time since 1968. For 2019, exports have exceeded imports resulting in negative net imports.

U.S. imports and exports of primary energy from 1960 to 2019

Note: Primary energy includes coal, coal coke, crude oil, petroleum products, natural gas, biofuels and electricity.

Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Monthly Energy Review, April 2020, Tables 1.4a and 1.4b.

Fact #1120 Dataset

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