In 2013 many auto manufacturers announced fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) commercialization plans; Toyota, Hyundai, General Motors, Honda, Mercedes/Daimler, and others have committed to putting FCEVs on the road, some as early as the 2015–2017 timeframe. While the cars are coming, hydrogen infrastructure remains the greatest challenge to commercialization of FCEVs.

To address this challenge, in 2013 DOE, along with automakers and other key stakeholders, launched H2USA, a new public-private collaboration to address the key challenges of hydrogen infrastructure. H2USA’s mission is to promote the introduction and widespread adoption of fuel cell electric vehicles across America. Members include federal agencies, the fuel cell trade association, automakers, hydrogen providers, fuel cell developers, national laboratories, and additional stakeholders. The collaboration provides a platform for the United States similar to the public-private collaborations in other countries focused on hydrogen, particularly Germany, Japan, and the UK. H2USA currently consists of more than 30 participants.