Energy bandwidth studies can serve as foundational references in framing the range (or bandwidth) of potential energy savings opportunities in U.S. industrial sectors. This bandwidth study examines energy consumption and potential energy savings opportunities in U.S. seawater desalination plants. The study relies on multiple sources to estimate the energy used for five seawater desalination unit operations. Energy savings opportunities for the unit operations are based on technologies currently in use or under development. This study also examines the energy consumption implications of wider adoption of seawater desalination to meet increased U.S. municipal water demand for two scenarios based on the bandwidth analysis. This report builds upon the foundational information and analysis approach described in Volume 1: Survey of Available Information in Support of the Energy-Water Bandwidth Study of Desalination Systems.