The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Advanced Manufacturing Office (AMO) held its third virtual workshop on Semiconductor R&D for Energy Efficiency on August 11-13, 2021. This public workshop – titled “Manufacturing and Integration Challenges for Analog and Neuromorphic Computing” – brought together more than 180 leading scientific and technical experts to identify challenges and opportunities to improve manufacturing capabilities for analog and neuromorphic computing architectures to significantly increase energy efficiency of microelectronic devices. The workshop featured perspectives of researchers from national laboratories, universities, government agencies, and industry with expertise in novel and emerging devices, processes, and metrology and characterization. This workshop is intended to inform an AMO research, development, demonstration, and deployment (RDD&D) plan to significantly reduce semiconductor energy use by 2030.1 It was co-sponsored by the Semiconductor Research Corporation (SRC) and the DOE Office of Science’s Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR).