Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA), Section 1301, establishes national policy for grid modernization to maintain a reliable and secure electricity infrastructure to meet future demand growth. The Act outlines cybersecurity requirements for the smart grid, including increased use of digital information and control technology to improve reliability, security, and efficiency; and the dynamic optimization of grid operations and resources with full cybersecurity. The Act also states that the smart grid shall have the ability to detect, prevent, communicate with regard to, respond to, or recover from system security threats, including cybersecurity threats and terrorism, using digital information, media, and devices.