Distributed energy resources (DERs)—including renewable energy technologies, storage (such as batteries), and combined heat and power (CHP)—can provide a variety of benefits for federal sites. DERs can help agencies meet goals and mandates, deliver cost and energy savings, and provide environmental benefits. An emerging application for distributed renewable energy, storage, and CHP is resilience—providing power in the event that a site loses grid electricity.
Renewable energy, storage, and CHP can provide revenue streams while grid-connected, and these energy and cost savings may lower the overall cost of a microgrid and allow for the incorporation of additional microgrid components. When integrated into a microgrid, distributed energy technologies can also increase survival time during a grid outage when fuel supplies are limited.
Distributed energy technologies can address specific resilience challenges but are only a part of the picture. The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) is developing a comprehensive framework for resilience planning and implementation that addresses the continuity of key operations. Learn more about Portfolio Resilience Planning and Implementation.
FEMP’s Distributed Energy Technologies for Resilience and Cost Savings presentation, given during the 2019 Energy Exchange conference, provides an overview of solar photovoltaic (PV) and storage, CHP, and microgrids for cost savings and resilience.
FEMP’s Process for Planning and Implementing Federal Distributed Energy Projects helps federal agencies streamline the implementation of DER projects for cost savings and resilience purposes. This process leverages federal best practices and lessons learned in order to help agencies execute DER projects that are technically sound and support agency needs and mission.
Events that impact grid availability can also have an impact on DERs. FEMP's Solar Photovoltaic Systems in Hurricanes and Other Severe Weather fact sheet provides best practices for system survivability identified from 2017 hurricanes.
The REopt™ Lite web tool is designed to help users find the most cost-effective and resilient energy solution for a specific site. REopt Lite evaluates the economic viability of solar PV, battery storage, and wind energy at a site, identifies system sizes and battery dispatch strategies to minimize energy costs while grid connected and during an outage, and estimates how long a system can sustain a site’s critical load during a grid outage.
FEMP's Technical Resilience Navigator (TRN) provides a systematic approach to energy and water resilience planning. The TRN approach allows organizations to assess current site energy and water infrastructure needs, mission priorities, and risk to identify and prioritize actionable solutions creating a roadmap for action.