The Benchmarks of Global Clean Energy Manufacturing report provides an assessment of the global state of clean energy manufacturing between 2014 and 2016. Researchers examined four technologies—wind turbine components (blade, tower, nacelle), crystalline silicon (c-Si) solar photovoltaic (PV) modules, light-duty vehicle (LDV) lithium-ion (LIB) battery cells, and light-emitting diode (LED) packages for lighting and other consumer products— across manufacturing supply chains that include processing raw materials, making required subcomponents, and assembling final products.
The impacts of the manufacturing supply chain for these four technologies are assessed in terms of three common benchmarks: market size (including manufacturing capacity and production), global trade flows, and manufacturing value added, and across 13 economies that comprise the primary manufacturing hubs for the technologies: Brazil, Canada, China, Denmark, Germany, India, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, South Korea, Republic of China (referred to throughout this report as Taiwan), the United Kingdom, and the United States. New methodologies were developed to generate the data sets for each benchmark, while accommodating the variations in clean energy technology manufacturing supply chains and data availability. Throughout this report, general drivers for benchmark trends in the context of an ever-changing clean energy manufacturing landscape have been identified, but specific analysis of trends over the study period were not included in the scope of effort. Nonetheless, the data and insights provided by these benchmarks can help guide research agendas, inform trade decisions, and identify manufacturing opportunities by location and technology.