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Vehicle Technologies Office: Data and Results

The Vehicle Technologies Office works with its national laboratories and industry partners to collect and report data on vehicle performance, research projects, and the transportation sector. 

Vehicle Performance Data

The Vehicle Technologies Office supports the Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity, which collects on-road and in-laboratory data on advanced and alternative fuel vehicles and infrastructure.  These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. Over the years, the program has tested a variety of technologies including hybrid electric, plug-in electric, neighborhood electric, start-stop hybrid, natural gas, clean diesel, and hydrogen internal combustion engine vehicles as well as electric vehicle supply equipment and batteries.

Through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, as well as other testing activities, VTO’s partners have collected millions of miles of data on hybrid and plug-in electric vehicles. While the Vehicle Technologies Office hosts data on the most recent results, Idaho National Laboratory hosts the full AVTA archive that goes back to the 1990s.  This archive includes test results of vehicles and technologies that VTO’s partners are no longer collecting data on, such as oil bypass filters. 

For more information on data collection of vehicles, contact David Anderson.

Research Results

The Vehicle Technologies Office publishes the results of research it sponsors in a series of Annual Reports for each technology area.

A subset of the portfolio is presented and reviewed at the VTO Annual Merit Review.  The presentations or posters are available in the Annual Merit Review Database and described in the Annual Merit Review outcome report

With participation from the energy, electric utility, and automobile industries, VTO and the Fuel Cells Technology Office conducted a cradle-to-grave (C2G) analysis activity that encompasses resource extraction (cradle), transformation of resources into fuels and vehicles, vehicle operation, and vehicle end-of-life disposal and recycling (grave). Argonne National Laboratory carried out the C2G analysis for two bookend scenarios: (1) current fuel production pathways and vehicle technology options, and (2) fuels and vehicles in a hypothetical 100% biomass based fuel and zero carbon electricity world.

VTO also works with Argonne National Laboratory to publish performance reports under the Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA). 

Transportation Sector Data

The Vehicle Technologies Office works with its national laboratories to collect and analyze data on the transportation sector to help better understand the sector’s needs and guide the Office’s research investments. 

VTO publishes the Transportation Energy Data Book annually (both in PDF form and with downloadable Excel files) with Oak Ridge National Laboratory.  The Data Book compiles information on petroleum consumption, vehicle use, environmental impacts, household vehicle characteristics, and fleet characteristics. It also collaborates with Oak Ridge to publish the Vehicle Technologies Market Report, which describes major trends in light and heavy-duty markets.

VTO also publishes the Fact of the Week, a fact with an accompanying graph or chart, to draw attention to particularly useful statistics.  In particular, the Historical Gas Prices and The Petroleum Gap graphs provide a very useful context for understanding how the transportation sector has changed over time.

VTO’s FuelEconomy.gov and the Alternative Fuels Data Center host graphs, maps, and downloadable data sets on vehicle fuel economy, alternative fuel use, and alternative fuel vehicles and stations.

Other useful resources from the federal government for transportation facts include the DOE’s Energy Information Administration (especially its Annual Energy Outlook), the Federal Highway Administration’s Office of Highway Policy Information, the U.S. Department of Transportation’s Bureau of Transportation Statistics, and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Office of Transportation and Air Quality.

For more information about VTO's transportation sector analysis and data, contact Jacob Ward