EERE plays a key role in advancing America's "all of the above" energy strategy, leading a large network of researchers and other partners to deliver innovative technologies that will make renewable electricity generation cost-competitive with traditional sources of energy.
The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) develops innovative technologies to locate, access, and develop the substantial geothermal resources available in the United States by advancing hydrothermal power production—where fluid flow and hot rock occur naturally—and enhanced geothermal systems technologies—where fluid is injected into deep, hot rock formations to create a geothermal reservoir. The U.S. Geological Survey estimates that, in the United States alone, 30 gigawatts of undiscovered hydrothermal resource capacity and more than 100 gigawatts of EGS potential lie deep in the subsurface—equivalent to 10% of today's energy needs.
The Geothermal Technologies Office (GTO) supports research and development in innovative technologies that reduce the risk and costs of bringing geothermal power online, in partnership with industry, academia, and DOE's national laboratories. GTO invests in projects that establish geothermal energy as a core component and an economically competitive contributor to the U.S. energy supply.
Geothermal Research and Development
Innovative Exploration Technologies
Developing advanced exploration tools and technologies to discover and use hydrothermal resources
Enhanced Geothermal Systems
Developing and demonstrating technologies to capture power from hot rock deep below the surface that lacks fluid saturation
Low-Temperature and Co-Produced Resources
Developing and deploying non-conventional hydrothermal resources below 150°C (300°F) to bring returns on investment using unique power production methods
Efforts to address key cross-cutting questions on geothermal technology development and commercialization, focusing on reducing non-technical barriers and analysis of investment impact