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Industry Information

When small businesses first approach the Department of Energy, there's a lot to learn about the types of products that we buy and the locations that buy them. Use the resources below to learn more, and visit our 101 on Doing Business with the Department of Energy to put this knowledge into action.


Construction (NAICS Sector 23) - comprises establishments primarily engaged in the construction of buildings or engineering projects (e.g., highways and utility systems).The installation and the ongoing repair and maintenance of telecommunications and utility networks is excluded from construction when the establishments performing the work are not independent contractors. Although a growing proportion of this work is subcontracted to independent contractors in the Construction Sector, the operating units of telecommunications and utility companies performing this work are included with the telecommunications or utility activities.

This sector includes:

  • Commercial and Institutional Building Construction
  • Highway, Street, and Bridge Construction
  • Oil and Gas Pipeline and Related Structures Construction
  • Power and Communication Line and Related Structures Construction
  • Water and Sewer Line and Related Structures Construction

Visit our downloads page to view historical procurement of construction at the Department.

Forestry (NAICS Sector 11--Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting) comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing crops, raising animals, harvesting timber, and harvesting fish and other animals from a farm, ranch, or their natural habitats.Excluded from the Agriculture, Forestry, Hunting and Fishing sector are establishments primarily engaged in agricultural research and establishments primarily engaged in administering programs for regulating and conserving land, mineral, wildlife, and forest use. These establishments are classified in Industry 54171, Research and Development in the Physical, Engineering, and Life Sciences; and Industry 92412, Administration of Conservation Programs, respectively.

This sector includes:

  • Cutting and transporting timber
  • Fire prevention, forest
  • Firefighting, forest
  • Forestry services
  • Reforestation

Visit our downloads page to view historical procurement of forestry at the Department.

Goods (NAICS Sector 42--Wholesale Trade) - comprises establishments engaged in wholesaling merchandise, generally without transformation, and rendering services incidental to the sale of merchandise. The merchandise described in this sector includes the outputs of agriculture, mining, manufacturing, and certain information industries, such as publishing.  The wholesaling process is an intermediate step in the distribution of merchandise. Wholesalers are organized to sell or arrange the purchase or sale of (a) goods for resale (i.e., goods sold to other wholesalers or retailers), (b) capital or durable non-consumer goods, and (c) raw and intermediate materials and supplies used in production. NAICS Sector 44-45--Retail Trade - comprises establishments engaged in retailing merchandise, generally without transformation, and rendering services incidental to the sale of merchandise, such as store retailers and non-store retailers.

This sector includes:

  • Books, periodical, and newspaper merchant wholesalers
  • Camera and photgraphic equipment supply stores
  • Computer and software stores
  • Industrial supplies wholesalers
  • Stationary and office supply wholesalers

Visit our downloads page to view historical procurement of goods at the Department.

Manufacturing (NAICS Sector 31-33--Manufacturing) comprises establishments engaged in the mechanical, physical, or chemical transformation of materials, substances, or components into new products. Manufacturing establishments often perform one or more activities that are classified outside the Manufacturing sector of NAICS. For instance, almost all manufacturing has some captive research and development or administrative operations, such as accounting, payroll, or management. 

This sector includes:

  • Aluminum Sheet, Plate, and Foil Manufacturing
  • Computer Storage Device Manufacturing
  • Motor and Generator Manufacturing
  • Plastics Material and Resin Manufacturing

Visit our downloads page to view historical procurement of manufacturing at the Department.

Mining (NAICS Sector 21--Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction) comprises establishments that extract naturally occurring mineral solids, such as coal and ores; liquid minerals, such as crude petroleum; and gases, such as natural gas.The term mining is used in the broad sense to include quarrying, well operations, beneficiating (e.g., crushing, screening, washing, and flotation), and other preparation customarily performed at the mine site, or as a part of mining activity. A mine that manufactures a small amount of finished products will be classified in Sector 21, Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction. An establishment that mines whose primary output is a more finished manufactured product will be classified in Sector 31-33, Manufacturing.

This sector includes:

  • Construction Sand and Gravel Mining
  • Natural Gas Liquid Extraction
  • Support Activities for Oil and Gas Operations
  • Uranium-Radium-Vanadium Ore Mining

Visit our downloads page to view historical procurement of mining at the Department.

Services (NAICS Sector 48. 49, 51, 53, 54, 56, 61,62, 92 ) Services are a collection of NAICS sectors with a commonality in that no tangible object is created, such as vehicles, foodstuffs, hardware, etc. Historically services provide the widest range of opportunities for Small Businesses within the Department of Energy community.

This sector includes:

  • General Freight Trucking
  • Data Processing, Hosting, and Related Services
  • Lessors of Other Real Estate Property
  • Marketing Consulting Services
  • Remediation Services
  • Educational Support Services
  • Child Day Care Services
  • Regulation and Administration of Communications, Electric, Gas, and Other Utilities

Visit our downloads page to view historical procurement of services at the Department.

Utilities (NAICS Sector 22--Utilities) comprises establishments engaged in the provision of the following utility services: electric power, natural gas, steam supply, water supply, and sewage removal. Within this sector, the specific activities associated with the utility services provided vary by utility: electric power includes generation, transmission, and distribution; natural gas includes distribution; steam supply includes provision and/or distribution; water supply includes treatment and distribution; and sewage removal includes collection, treatment, and disposal of waste through sewer systems and sewage treatment facilities. Excluded from this sector are establishments primarily engaged in waste management services classified in Sub sector 562, Waste Management and Remediation Services.

This sector includes:

  • Electric Power Distribution
  • Hydroelectric Power Generation
  • Nuclear Electric Power Generation

Visit our downloads page to view historical procurement of utilities at the Department.