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November 14, 2017
_Bayer_O’Malley_Unlocking the Potential of Fungal
How Fungal Enzymes Break Down Plant Cell Walls
Gut microbes play a major role in helping ruminants such as cows, goats, and sheep break down lignocellulose-rich plant matter in their diet.
November 14, 2017
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Stretching to Perfection of 2-D Semiconductors
The electronic and optical properties of materials are directly related to their atomic crystal structure. By bringing atoms closer to each other
November 13, 2017
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Twisting Molecule Wrings More Power from Solar Cells
Upon exposure to sunlight, electrons in a semiconducting material are excited from their normal to higher energy states, forming photo-excited
October 31, 2017
Rules Are Only Suggestions in Heavy Elements
Rules Are Only Suggestions in Heavy Elements
The synthesis and characterization of two berkelium compounds creates rare opportunities to probe the electronic structure of some of the last
October 31, 2017
Exotic Nucleus Exhibits Curious Shape
Exotic Nucleus Exhibits Curious Shape
The research team devised a new way to study the shape of atomic nuclei using a particle accelerator and pure electromagnetic interactions. At
October 26, 2017
Mission Not So Impossible Now: Control Complex Molecular Organization
Mission Not So Impossible Now: Control Complex Molecular Organization
Traditional methods using “top-down” solution-based processing typically only allow modest control over the molecular organization and
October 25, 2017
Flavins Perform Electron Magic
Flavins Perform Electron Magic
There are currently only three known ways that living things can capture energy from their environment to enable life to exist. The most recently
October 25, 2017
Spin-Polarized Surface States in Superconductors
Spin-Polarized Surface States in Superconductors
Given their considerable application potential, from quantum computing to information technologies, noncentrosymmetric (NCS) superconductors have
October 25, 2017
Imaging Probe Printed onto Tip of Optical Fiber
Imaging Probe Printed onto Tip of Optical Fiber
Nano-optics have the potential to be used for imaging, sensing, and spectroscopy, and could help scientists improve solar cells, design better
October 19, 2017
Nanoribbons Enable “On–Off” Switch for Graphene
Nanoribbons Enable “On–Off” Switch for Graphene
A new way to grow narrow ribbons of graphene, a lightweight and strong structure made of a layer — just a single atom thick — of carbon
October 19, 2017
Watching Catalysts Evolve in 3-D
Watching Catalysts Evolve in 3-D
Because bimetallic catalysts are widely employed in batteries and fuel cells, a full understanding of their oxidation (electron loss) mechanisms is
October 19, 2017
Hybrid Material Glows Like Jellyfish
Hybrid Material Glows Like Jellyfish
Improving the efficiency of nanoscale energy transfer in quantum dot or quantum rod based systems requires the ability to fine tune variables
October 18, 2017
Tiny Tornados at the Dawn of the Universe
Tiny Tornados at the Dawn of the Universe
Up until now, the big story in characterizing the quark-gluon plasma is that it’s a hot fluid that expands explosively and flows easily. But
October 8, 2017
New Technology Illuminates Microbial Dark Matter
New Technology Illuminates Microbial Dark Matter
There are more than 50,000 microbial genome sequences in the DOE JGI’s Integrated Microbial Genomes publicly accessible database, and many of
October 8, 2017
Tiny Green Algae Reveal Large Genomic Variation
Tiny Green Algae Reveal Large Genomic Variation
Picophytoplankton such as Ostreococcus are so small they are invisible to the naked eye. Despite their size, their global abundance means
October 8, 2017
A Complex Little Alga that Lives by the Sea
A Complex Little Alga that Lives by the Sea
The intertidal zone is the area between land and sea that is sometimes concealed by high tide or revealed by low tide. As this ecosystem is in
October 8, 2017
Understanding the Rice Genome for Bioenergy Research
Understanding the Rice Genome for Bioenergy Research
For more than half of the world’s population, rice is the primary staple crop. As a grass, it is a close relative of the candidate bioenergy
October 6, 2017
Explorations of the Universal Glue
Explorations of the Universal Glue
The first experimental result has been published from the newly upgraded Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF). The 12-GeV CEBAF
October 2, 2017
Bringing  Visual “Magic” to Light
Bringing Visual “Magic” to Light
Scientists from mixed reality technology company Magic Leap Inc., working with researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley
October 2, 2017
Speeding Materials Discovery Puts Solar Fuels on the Fast Track to Commercial Viability
Speeding Materials Discovery Puts Solar Fuels on the Fast Track to Commercial Viability
Pure hydrogen is highly flammable, making it an ideal fuel. If you could find a way to extract that hydrogen from water using sunlight, then, you
October 2, 2017
Water in One Dimension
Water in One Dimension
While scientists have known that molecules confined within single-walled nanotubes behave differently than their bulk counterparts, it has
October 2, 2017
Adding Stress Boosts Performance, Stability for Fuel Cells
Adding Stress Boosts Performance, Stability for Fuel Cells
Electric vehicles powered by proton exchange membrane fuel cells, which use hydrogen gas as fuel and produce water as exhaust, have entered
October 2, 2017
Drawing at the One-Nanometer Length Scale
Drawing at the One-Nanometer Length Scale
The ability to pattern materials at ever-smaller sizes — using electron-beam lithography, in which an electron-sensitive material is exposed
September 7, 2017
Fungi: Gene Activator  Role Discovered
Fungi: Gene Activator Role Discovered
For the first time, scientists identified 6mA base modification as a widespread marker for transcriptionally active genes in early diverging fungi.
September 7, 2017
First Look at a Living  Cell Membrane
First Look at a Living Cell Membrane
Examining a living cellular membrane has remained an unsolved challenge up to this point due to the dynamic, chemically diverse, and fragile nature