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February 12, 2018
Squeezing Into the Best Shape
Squeezing Into the Best Shape
Biological cells compartmentalize the functions of proteins and enzymes within organelles and organize into tissues that coordinate to perform work
February 12, 2018
Unwavering Juggler With Three Extra Electrons
Unwavering Juggler With Three Extra Electrons
Researchers have found a new way to predict the stability of multiply charged molecules using high-throughput simulations, which are becoming an
February 10, 2018
How Bacteria Produce Manganese Oxide Nanoparticles
How Bacteria Produce Manganese Oxide Nanoparticles
In numerous elemental cycles vital to life, Mn cycles between its reduced primarily soluble form (Mn(II)) and its oxidized insoluble forms (Mn(III
February 2, 2018
Atomic Vibes During Melting?
Atomic Vibes During Melting?
Glasses we encounter in everyday life are mostly transparent and used for everything from window panes to phone screens. Glasses are solids that
February 2, 2018
Taking Solar Energy to the Edge
Taking Solar Energy to the Edge
Hybrid perovskites are a new class of low-cost materials that can capture and emit light. This material can be synthesized in several forms: bulk 3
January 16, 2018
Graphene Flexes Its Muscle
Graphene Flexes Its Muscle
Although graphene is considered a 2-D material, it never exists in a perfectly flat state. Like wrinkled skin, when this atomically thin carbon is
January 6, 2018
What’s the Noise Eating Quantum Bits?
What’s the Noise Eating Quantum Bits?
In quantum computing, quantum information is lost due to a loss of synchronization (dephasing) in the electronic flow and energy relaxation.
January 6, 2018
Filtering Water Better than Nature
Filtering Water Better than Nature
To meet global demand for clean drinking water, scientists are actively pursuing next generation energy-efficient water purification membranes. The
January 4, 2018
A Rare Quantum State Realized in a New Material
A Rare Quantum State Realized in a New Material
A 3-D analog of graphene (a 2-D material
December 31, 2017
Discovering Secrets of Superfluids
Discovering Secrets of Superfluids
Superfluidity is the odd property of a liquid in which it has zero-resistance for flow, and thus flows without loss of kinetic energy. The most
December 19, 2017
Microwave heating significantly alters Alfvén waves
Microwaves Can Plug Leaks in Fusion Plasmas
Localized electron heating by microwaves has been shown to be an effective tool for modifying Alfvén waves in the DIII-D National Fusion
December 19, 2017
New Physics Understanding Provides Attractive Path for Developing Fusion Energy via a Steady-State Tokamak
New Physics Understanding Provides Attractive Path for Developing Fusion Energy via a Steady-State Tokamak
A collaboration of U.S.- and China-based magnetic fusion scientists is developing the physics basis for maintaining excellent energy confinement
December 19, 2017
Proton-Proton Fusion: Powering the Sun
Proton-Proton Fusion: Powering the Sun
The Nuclear Physics with Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics Collaboration (NPLQCD), under the umbrella of the U.S. Quantum Chromodynamics Collaboration
December 19, 2017
Neutron Star Mergers Create Heavy Elements
Neutron Star Mergers Create Heavy Elements
GW170817 was the first gravitational wave detection involving objects with masses typical of neutron stars. Gamma-rays from it were observed by the
December 12, 2017
See What Lies Beneath
See What Lies Beneath
Copper oxide is an important catalyst and can convert poisonous carbon monoxide to carbon dioxide. In this research, the atomic-scale reactions at
December 12, 2017
Watching a Particle in a Dangerous Crowd
Watching a Particle in a Dangerous Crowd
We rely on particulate materials every day in demanding environments, such as structural metals for vehicles and complex, layered thin films for
December 12, 2017
Ringing Atomic Bell Probes Electrons
Ringing Atomic Bell Probes Electrons
In this work, the dependence of electronic structure on specific changes in the atomic structure was clearly determined. Researchers used a photon
December 12, 2017
Putting Molten History on the Map
Putting Molten History on the Map
The reliable detection of the melting point of materials at high pressure has been experimentally difficult. What is needed is a way to tell
December 12, 2017
Is There Structure in Glass Disorder?
Is There Structure in Glass Disorder?
Bulk metallic glasses are a class of metals that lack an ordered crystalline structure. This feature leads to unique properties, but it also
December 12, 2017
Bending a New Tool for Low Power Computing
Bending a New Tool for Low Power Computing
A future type of energy-efficient electronics is called spintronics. A challenge in spintronics is tuning how spins move to create current, called
December 1, 2017
El Niño and Liquid Water Clouds Contribute to Antarctic Melt in 2015-2016
El Niño and Liquid Water Clouds Contribute to Antarctic Melt in 2015-2016
A large-scale and prolonged surface melt event occurred in January 2016 over the Ross Ice Shelf region of West Antarctica. Analysis of passive
November 24, 2017
Photosynthesis without Cells: Turning Light into Fuel
Photosynthesis without Cells: Turning Light into Fuel
At Argonne National Laboratory’s Center for Nanoscale Materials, a U.S. Department of Energy user facility, researchers employed artificial
November 24, 2017
A Molecular Zipper for Efficient Gas Separation
A Molecular Zipper for Efficient Gas Separation
Efficient adsorption-based gas separation requires maximizing both the adsorbent’s selectivity for the gas of interest and its recyclability
November 21, 2017
Craters on Graphene: Electrons Impact
Craters on Graphene: Electrons Impact
Normally, electrons moving in a conductor are reflected by potential energy barriers. However, electrons moving in graphene travel at relativistic
November 14, 2017
Bayer_Yang_Unplugging the Cellulose Bottleneck
Unplugging the Cellulose Biofuel Bottleneck
A molecular-level understanding of the resistance of cellulose to degradation is a key step toward overcoming the fundamental barrier to making