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February 17, 2019
New Model Sheds Light on Key Physics of Magnetic Islands that Can Halt Fusion Reactions
Magnetic islands can grow and thereby degrade and potentially disrupt the plasma confinement and damage the doughnut-shaped tokamak facilities that
February 12, 2019
Pinnacle Engines Develops Efficient, Low-Emission Gasoline Engine Using Supercomputing
For over a decade, California-based small business Pinnacle Engines has developed opposed-piston engines for a range of small, single-cylinder
February 11, 2019
X-ray beam induces photo-ejection of an electron from (left) hydrogen and (right) helium.
Measuring the Impossible: X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Hydrogen and Helium
Two most abundant elements in the universe, hydrogen & helium, were previously thought to be impossible to measure by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy
February 11, 2019
Early “Fossils” Formed by Tectonics, not Life
Scientists re-evaluated evidence of life in 3.7-billion-year-old rock structures and found that the structures were of geological origin and not
February 11, 2019
Taking Diamond Qubits for a Spin
Solid-state quantum bits, or qubits, offer scalability in a quantum network. Such networks could change how computations are done and how data is
February 11, 2019
Atomic Snapshots of Photosynthesis
More than 2 billion years ago, tiny organisms on Earth started photosynthesizing. Nearly all life on Earth now depends on photosynthesis but it
February 1, 2019
New Approach Gets Better View of Carbon Deeper Underground
The soils you find underfoot are typically 5 to 10 percent organic carbon. However, 3 feet and more below the surface, the organic carbon levels
February 1, 2019
Viruses Must Overcome Challenges to Infect Bacteria in Nature
Building on previous research, scientists from The Ohio State University, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, and Environmental Molecular
January 30, 2019
MicroBooNE, Machine Learning, and Liquid Argon
Researchers on the MicroBooNE neutrino experiment at Fermilab designed a type of machine learning algorithm, convolutional neural networks, to
January 30, 2019
CSI: Neutrinos Cast No Shadows
Neutrinos usually sail through matter without bumping into it. But once in a while, it does shake hands with a nucleus, and sometimes the handshake
January 30, 2019
ArgoNeuT Hits a Home Run with Measurements of Neutrinos in Liquid Argon
All baseball fans know that probability is a huge component of their favorite sport. In baseball, each batter has a certain probability of hitting
January 22, 2019
Optimizing Electric Fields Yields Better Catalysts
In catalytic reactions, an electric field affects chemical bonds and, therefore, reaction mechanisms, rates, and selectivity. Electric fields,
January 21, 2019
New Probe for the Secrets of Complex Interfaces
Understanding the detailed nature of complex interfaces has become a quest of profound significance, as it underlies urgently needed advances in
January 20, 2019
Uncovering the Microbial Food Web in Thawing Permafrost
Large amounts of soil carbon sequestered in permafrost are becoming available for microbial degradation as permafrost thaws. Its fate is unclear;
January 14, 2019
Observing Clouds in Four Dimensions
Shallow cumulus clouds play a large role in Earth's current energy balance, and their response to global warming makes a large and uncertain
January 11, 2019
Peering into the Mist: How Water Vapor Changes Metal at the Atomic Level
Scientists studied the effect of water vapor and elevated temperatures on a nickel-chromium alloy. They directly observed oxide growth on the alloy
January 11, 2019
Microbial Types May Prove Key to Gas Releases from Thawing Permafrost
Scientists collected soil samples from Stordalen Mire in northern Sweden, an Arctic peatland ecosystem that is undergoing permafrost thaw, to
December 26, 2018
More Designer Peptides, More Possibilities
Scientists from the University of Washington, Stanford University, and the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) created a computational
December 23, 2018
Deep Learning for Electron Microscopy
MENNDL, an artificial intelligence system, automatically designed an optimal deep learning network to extract structural information from raw
December 18, 2018
Small Particles Play Large Role in Tropical Thunderstorms
The biggest challenge in unraveling the effect of aerosols on clouds and climate is isolating their effects from changes due to other environmental
December 18, 2018
Drought Stress Changes Microbes Living at Sorghum’s Roots
Drought stress can greatly reduce the health and productivity of plants, including candidate bioenergy feedstocks such as sorghum. Microbial
December 11, 2018
During Droughts, Bacteria Help Sorghum Continue Growing
Researchers from the University of California at Berkeley, University of California at Davis, Agricultural Research Service of the U.S. Department
December 6, 2018
The Biermann Battery Effect: Spontaneous Generation of Magnetic Fields and Their Severing
Magnetic reconnection occurs when oppositely directed magnetic fields are forced together in plasmas, which are excellent electrical conductors. A
December 6, 2018
Subtlety and the Selective Art of Separating Lanthanides
Fundamental understanding of selective recognition and separation of lanthanide ions by chelating agents is of crucial importance for advancing
November 28, 2018
Newly Discovered Bacteria Breaks Down Biomass
Using detailed information about the molecular biology of switchgrass and corn stover—both widely used to create biofuels—scientists