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December 12, 2017
Electron Injection Transforms a Thin Film
Electron Injection Transforms a Thin Film
Monolayer thin films of 2-D, transition-metal dichalcogenides have emerged as important materials with unique properties, drawing great attention
December 12, 2017
Watching a Particle in a Dangerous Crowd
Watching a Particle in a Dangerous Crowd
We rely on particulate materials every day in demanding environments, such as structural metals for vehicles and complex, layered thin films for
December 12, 2017
Ringing Atomic Bell Probes Electrons
Ringing Atomic Bell Probes Electrons
In this work, the dependence of electronic structure on specific changes in the atomic structure was clearly determined. Researchers used a photon
December 12, 2017
Putting Molten History on the Map
Putting Molten History on the Map
The reliable detection of the melting point of materials at high pressure has been experimentally difficult. What is needed is a way to tell
December 12, 2017
Bending a New Tool for Low Power Computing
Bending a New Tool for Low Power Computing
A future type of energy-efficient electronics is called spintronics. A challenge in spintronics is tuning how spins move to create current, called
December 12, 2017
Molecular Mousetraps Capture More Nuclear Waste
Molecular Mousetraps Capture More Nuclear Waste
Since the 1980s, research has focused on containment of radioactive iodine, associated with nuclear energy and legacy environmental sites, because
December 12, 2017
New Quantum Liquid Crystal—In the Driver’s Seat
New Quantum Liquid Crystal—In the Driver’s Seat
The spatial arrangement of atoms and electrons in a material is often characterized by its symmetry, which has an important role in determining the
December 12, 2017
Chemical “Pressure” Tuning Magnetic Properties
Chemical “Pressure” Tuning Magnetic Properties
Since the discovery of magnetic skyrmions—topologically stable vortex-like spin texture—in a well-studied magnetic metal in 2009, much
December 12, 2017
Stirring up a Quantum Spin-Liquid with Disorder
Stirring up a Quantum Spin Liquid with Disorder
A rare state of matter called a quantum spin liquid proposed over 40 years ago is being pursued for its unique physical properties. In a quantum
December 7, 2017
Underappreciated Microbes Now Get Credit for Holding Down Two Jobs in Soil
Underappreciated Microbes Now Get Credit for Holding Down Two Jobs in Soil
The dynamic balance between inputs versus decomposition of organic materials regulates carbon cycling in the soil. Microbes are widely investigated
December 4, 2017
How Grasslands Regulate Their Productivity in Response to Droughts
How Grasslands Regulate Their Productivity in Response to Droughts
Plants open and close stomata (tiny openings on plant leaves) to balance carbon dioxide uptake and water losses, while avoiding desiccation of
December 4, 2017
Building Confidence in Hydrologic Models
Building Confidence in Hydrologic Models
Following up on a first integrated hydrologic model intercomparison project several years ago, seven teams of modelers, including two teams
November 29, 2017
Making Polymer Chemistry Click
Making Polymer Chemistry Click
Users from the Scripps Research Institute, including 2001 Nobel Prize laureate K. Barry Sharpless, teamed with scientists at the Molecular Foundry
November 24, 2017
Photosynthesis without Cells: Turning Light into Fuel
Photosynthesis without Cells: Turning Light into Fuel
At Argonne National Laboratory’s Center for Nanoscale Materials, a U.S. Department of Energy user facility, researchers employed artificial
November 24, 2017
A Molecular Zipper for Efficient Gas Separation
A Molecular Zipper for Efficient Gas Separation
Efficient adsorption-based gas separation requires maximizing both the adsorbent’s selectivity for the gas of interest and its recyclability
November 21, 2017
Craters on Graphene: Electrons Impact
Craters on Graphene: Electrons Impact
Normally, electrons moving in a conductor are reflected by potential energy barriers. However, electrons moving in graphene travel at relativistic
November 14, 2017
Stover_Jastrow_Alaskan soil carbon stocks
The Challenge of Estimating Alaska’s Soil Carbon Stocks
Representing land surface spatial heterogeneity is a scientific challenge that is critical for designing observation schemes to reliably estimate
November 14, 2017
Bayer_Yang_Unplugging the Cellulose Bottleneck
Unplugging the Cellulose Biofuel Bottleneck
A molecular-level understanding of the resistance of cellulose to degradation is a key step toward overcoming the fundamental barrier to making
November 14, 2017
_Bayer_O’Malley_Unlocking the Potential of Fungal
How Fungal Enzymes Break Down Plant Cell Walls
Gut microbes play a major role in helping ruminants such as cows, goats, and sheep break down lignocellulose-rich plant matter in their diet.
November 14, 2017
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Moving from Protecting Health to Protecting the Environment
Existing techniques for understanding radionuclide transport in the environment do not fully capture the 3-D complexity of transport in soil and
November 14, 2017
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Stretching to Perfection of 2-D Semiconductors
The electronic and optical properties of materials are directly related to their atomic crystal structure. By bringing atoms closer to each other
November 14, 2017
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Simple is Beautiful in Quantum Computing
Classical computers are number crunching machines, performing basic arithmetical operations on numbers. In computer language, these numbers are
November 13, 2017
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Twisting Molecule Wrings More Power from Solar Cells
Upon exposure to sunlight, electrons in a semiconducting material are excited from their normal to higher energy states, forming photo-excited
October 31, 2017
Rules Are Only Suggestions in Heavy Elements
The synthesis and characterization of two berkelium compounds creates rare opportunities to probe the electronic structure of some of the last
October 31, 2017
Let There Be (White) Light: New Materials Shine Out
White-light–emitting 2-D perovskites are attractive because of their low cost and tunability. Using different lengths of di-functional