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April 9, 2018
How to Turn Light Into Atomic Vibrations
How to Turn Light Into Atomic Vibrations
Light could induce desirable structural changes in thin sheets of materials. These materials could have applications ranging from data storage
April 6, 2018
Scientists demonstrated that powerful acids heal certain structural defects in synthetic films.
Superacids Are Good Medicine for Super Thin Semiconductors
The atomically thin nature of layered 2-D semiconductors gives rise to a gamut of unique physical properties, which often do not exist in
April 6, 2018
Tubular Science Improves Polymer Solar Cells
Tubular Science Improves Polymer Solar Cells
Low-cost, large-area scalability by solution processing is an important advantage of organic polymer solar cells. Typical organic solar cells,
April 6, 2018
Fast! Hard X-Ray Flash Breaks Speed Record
Fast! Hard X-Ray Flash Breaks Speed Record
To capture the fast motions of electrons that govern many chemical processes, x-ray pulses in the attosecond range are required. Two methods have
March 26, 2018
Rewriting Resistance: Genetic Changes Increase Crops’ Biomass and Sugar Release
Rewriting Resistance: Genetic Changes Increase Crops’ Biomass and Sugar Release
Scientists at the BioEnergy Science Center used targeted engineering of plant cell wall polymers to genetically modify switchgrass and poplar,
March 26, 2018
Measuring the Glow of Plants from Below
Measuring the Glow of Plants from Below
Quantifying gross primary production (GPP) remains a major challenge in global carbon cycle research. Space-borne monitoring of solar-induced
March 26, 2018
Scientists Have Overestimated Meteor Sizes
Scientists Have Overestimated Meteor Sizes
Using the high brightness, short-pulse X-ray free-electron laser at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, the team measured the speed at which
March 20, 2018
Small Poke—Huge Unexpected Response
Small Poke—Huge Unexpected Response
Weyl fermions are novel particles that were predicted to be seen in high-energy physics experiments but have not been observed. However, scientists
March 19, 2018
Engineering Yeast Tolerance to a Promising Biomass Deconstruction Solvent
Engineering Yeast Tolerance to a Promising Biomass Deconstruction Solvent
Biomass deconstruction using the solvent GVL has several advantages over more traditional deconstruction methods; however, biological conversion to
March 19, 2018
Saplings Survive Droughts via Storage
Saplings Survive Droughts via Storage
To test the ability of different species of tropical tree saplings to avoid dehydration during severe droughts, scientists subjected potted
March 14, 2018
Predicting a New Phase of Superionic Ice
Predicting a New Phase of Superionic Ice
Possibly residing on ice-rich planets in our solar system and beyond, superionic ice is an exotic type of ice that exists at high temperature and
March 14, 2018
Unlocking On-Package Memory’s Effects on High-Performance Computing’s Scientific Kernels
Unlocking On-Package Memory’s Effects on High-Performance Computing’s Scientific Kernels
The researchers conducted a thorough experimental evaluation to discern how modern OPMs affected the performance and power efficiency of important
March 14, 2018
The Secret Lives of Cells
The Secret Lives of Cells
This work and the FoldME model provide a comprehensive, genome-scale understanding of how cells adapt under environmental stress, with statistical
March 14, 2018
Data Dive: How Microbes Handle Poor Nutrition in Tropical Soil
Data Dive: How Microbes Handle Poor Nutrition in Tropical Soil
Applying metagenomics and metaproteomics techniques along with high-performance computing at the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility, the team
February 28, 2018
Buckyball Marries Graphene
Buckyball Marries Graphene
Charge transfer at the interface between dissimilar materials is at the heart of almost all electronic technologies such as transistors and
February 28, 2018
Atomic Movies Explain Why Perovskite Solar Cells Are More Efficient
Atomic Movies Explain Why Perovskite Solar Cells Are More Efficient
Although perovskite solar cell efficiencies have climbed above the 20 percent mark, the fundamental mechanism responsible for these efficiencies is
February 28, 2018
The Shape of Things to Come for Quantum Materials?
The Shape of Things to Come for Quantum Materials?
Most 2-D crystals studied to date are a lattice of hexagons—for example, graphene, transition metal dichalcogenides, and black phosphorus
February 28, 2018
Modified Switchgrass Has No Negative Effect on Soils
Modified Switchgrass Has No Negative Effect on Soils
Scientists at the BioEnergy Science Center (BESC) genetically modified switchgrass, a promising bioenergy crop, to produce less lignin resulting in
February 28, 2018
Discovery of a New Microbe that Produces Methane in Oxygenated Soils
Discovery of a New Microbe that Produces Methane in Oxygenated Soils
A group of scientists set out to sample microbes living in Old Woman Creek National Estuarine Research Reserve, a wetland of Lake Erie, in an
February 27, 2018
CUORE Constrains Neutrino Properties
CUORE Constrains Neutrino Properties
Many questions about the fundamental nature of neutrinos remain open, including whether or not a neutrino is its own antiparticle. If so,
February 20, 2018
Sunlight Stimulates Microbial Respiration of Carbon in Surface Waters
Sunlight Stimulates Microbial Respiration of Carbon in Surface Waters
Photochemical processing of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) likely supplies about one-third of the carbon dioxide released from surface waters in
February 20, 2018
Nanocrystals Lock-In the Correct Phase
Nanocrystals Lock-In the Correct Phase
Hybrid organic-inorganic halide perovskites have emerged as an exciting new material for solar cells with the promise of high efficiency and
February 20, 2018
Two for the Price of One: Towards Quantum Entanglement with a Single Nanoplate
Two for the Price of One: Towards Quantum Entanglement with a Single Nanoplate
Advances in synthetic chemistry now enable the creation of nanoparticles with many different shapes, sizes, and compositions. One recent advance
February 16, 2018
Remembering Really Fast
Remembering Really Fast
Can we build novel memory devices to do data reading and writing at terahertz frequencies so that our personal devices can operate at a much higher
February 16, 2018
Tuning Quantum Light Sources
Tuning Quantum Light Sources
The ability to integrate fiber-based quantum information technology into existing optical networks would be a significant step towards applications