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December 12, 2018
Future Loss of Arctic Sea-Ice Cover Could Contribute to the Substantial Decrease in California’s Rainfall
The dramatic Arctic sea-ice loss observed over the satellite era has intensified debate into whether these high-latitude changes are affecting
December 11, 2018
During Droughts, Bacteria Help Sorghum Continue Growing
Researchers from the University of California at Berkeley, University of California at Davis, Agricultural Research Service of the U.S. Department
December 6, 2018
The Biermann Battery Effect: Spontaneous Generation of Magnetic Fields and Their Severing
Magnetic reconnection occurs when oppositely directed magnetic fields are forced together in plasmas, which are excellent electrical conductors. A
December 6, 2018
Drawn into a Whirlpool: A New Way to Stop Dangerous Fast Electrons in a Fusion Device
Just like when pushing a playground swing, energy is only transferred from the electron beam to the whistler wave when the “pushing”
December 6, 2018
Subtlety and the Selective Art of Separating Lanthanides
Fundamental understanding of selective recognition and separation of lanthanide ions by chelating agents is of crucial importance for advancing
November 28, 2018
Quickly Capture Tiny Particles Reacting
Easily tuned nanometer-sized crystals that absorb and react with light with extreme sensitivity would aid both petrochemical and solar energy
November 28, 2018
Newly Discovered Bacteria Breaks Down Biomass
Using detailed information about the molecular biology of switchgrass and corn stover—both widely used to create biofuels—scientists
November 26, 2018
Review Examines the Science and Needs of Nitrogen-Based Transformations
Since 1913, ammonia has been produced via the Haber-Bosch process. The process transforms nitrogen gas into ammonia, which is packed into
November 26, 2018
New Technology Consistently Identifies Proteins from a Dozen Cells
Scientists at EMSL, the Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, developed the nanoPOTS platform to minimize sample losses and expand the
November 26, 2018
Optimal Foraging: How Soil Microbes Adapt to Nutrient Constraints
A team of scientists set out to determine whether the theory of optimal foraging, which suggests any ecological community will adjust its
November 21, 2018
How a Bacterium Uses Multiple Enzymes to Degrade Plant Biomass
Lignocellulosic biomass represents nearly 90 percent of the dry weight of total plant biomass material and is composed of cellulose and lignin.
November 21, 2018
More Designer Peptides, More Possibilities
Scientists from the University of Washington, Stanford University, and the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) created a computational
November 9, 2018
Diverse Biofeedstocks Have High Ethanol Yields and Offer Biorefineries Flexibility
Refineries to convert biomass into fuels often rely on just one feedstock. If the refineries could accept more than one feedstock, it would greatly
November 7, 2018
Opening Access to Explore the Synthetic Chemistry of Neptunium
Neptunium metal is extremely scarce, limiting its use as an entry route into molecular chemical studies. In contrast, aqueous acidic stock
November 7, 2018
Tiny Titanium Barrier Halts Big Problem in Fuel-Producing Solar Cells
Green leafy plants readily convert sunlight into energy-dense fuels. Conventional solar cells don’t. Why not? A key reaction, splitting water
November 7, 2018
Turning Wood Scraps into Tape
Scientists developed a new and robust process that converts components of lignocellulosic biomass into high-performance high-value PSAs that have
November 7, 2018
Very Heavy Elements Deliver More Electrons
When forming bonds with oxygen or participating in reactions involving oxygen atom transfer, the early actinide elements, protactinium through
November 6, 2018
Novel Soil Bacteria with Unusual Genes Synthesize Unique Antibiotic Precursors
As part of a study on carbon cycling in soils, researchers deeply sequenced 60 soil metagenomes across a single grassland meadow at the Angelo
October 31, 2018
Warmer Temperatures Lengthen Growing Season, Increase Plants’ Vulnerability to Frost
The SPRUCE experiment is applying warming (0 to +9 degrees Celsius above ambient) and carbon dioxide (ambient and elevated) treatments to
October 17, 2018
Shining Light on the Separation of Rare Earth Metals
Rare earth element-containing materials are irreplaceable and used widely in technologies such as lighting, displays, biological sensors, lasers,
October 17, 2018
How to Make Soot and Stardust
The chemical reactions behind soot particle formation have long been a mystery. The reactions, which turn gaseous hydrocarbons into a solid that
October 16, 2018
Placing Atoms for Optimum Catalysts
The team began with a flat piece of ruthenium metal. On top of the metal, they grew graphene, which is a one-atom-thick layer of carbon. In this
September 15, 2018
Breaking the Symmetry Between Fundamental Forces
At present, scientists think that at the highest energies and earliest moments in time, all the fundamental forces may have existed as a single
September 6, 2018
Heavy Particles Get Caught Up in the Flow
Particle collisions at RHIC free quarks and gluons from their confinement within ordinary particles (e.g., protons and neutrons) so
September 6, 2018
Seeing Between the Atoms
For electron microscopes, the traditional approaches to improving resolution are increasing the energy of the electron beam, up to a point where