Science Highlights

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Each year, scientists with the Office of Science, at our national laboratories, and supported by the Office of Science at the nation’s colleges and universities, publish thousands of research findings in the scientific literature. About 200 of these are selected annually by their respective program areas in the Office of Science as publication highlights of special note.

For the archive of past publication highlights, click here.

March 31, 2016
Rare Meets Common: Reacting Protactinium with Ubiquitous Water Explains an Elemental Oddity
Rare Meets Common: Reacting Protactinium with Ubiquitous Water Explains an Elemental Oddity
Scientists found that gas-phase oxo-exchange of the positively charged protactinium ion, PaO2+, with water was substantially
March 9, 2016
Nuclear Physics Accelerator Technology Yields New Process for Producing Boron-Nitride Nanotubes
Nuclear Physics Accelerator Technology Yields New Process for Producing Boron-Nitride Nanotubes
In 1994, researchers affiliated with DOE's Lawrence Berkeley National Lab theorized that it should be possible to produce nanotubes from a white
February 29, 2016
Don’t Touch: How Scientists Study the Reactions inside Stars
Don’t Touch: How Scientists Study the Reactions inside Stars
Measurements of ANCs over the past decade have provided new information about rates of many stellar reactions that involve capturing a proton by
February 29, 2016
A new measurement by RHIC's STAR collaboration reveals that the force between antiprotons (p with bar above) is attractive and strong - just like the force that holds ordinary protons together within the nuclei of atoms.
First Measurement of the Force that Makes Antimatter Stick Together
Antimatter nuclei as large as antihelium-4—containing two antiprotons and two antineutrons—have been observed in heavy-ion collisions
February 29, 2016
Shape Matters in Nuclear Physics Collisions
Shape Matters in Nuclear Physics Collisions
RHIC was set up to collide spherical gold ions (nuclei of gold atoms stripped of their electrons) to create a quark-gluon plasma—a hot, dense
February 29, 2016
What Is the Size of the Atomic Nucleus?
What Is the Size of the Atomic Nucleus?
The “neutron skin” of the nucleus of a calcium-48 atom is much thinner than thought. An international team of nuclear physicists led by
February 1, 2016
Biofuel Tech Straight from the Farm
Biofuel Tech Straight from the Farm
Scientists have long known that anaerobic fungi living in the guts of herbivores play a significant role in helping those animals digest plants.