Laboratory Highlights

You are here

RSS
October 19, 2017
On-Demand 3-D Printing of Tiny Magic Wands
Structures on the scale of nanometers—much smaller than wavelengths of light—may improve transmission of plasmons, or small waves of
October 19, 2017
Watching Catalysts Evolve in 3-D
Because bimetallic catalysts are widely employed in batteries and fuel cells, a full understanding of their oxidation (electron loss) mechanisms is
October 18, 2017
Tiny Tornados at the Dawn of the Universe
Up until now, the big story in characterizing the quark-gluon plasma is that it’s a hot fluid that expands explosively and flows easily. But
October 18, 2017
Heavy Quarks Probe the Early Universe
Quarks are the fundamental building blocks of matter and have family members with different masses. The up and down quarks, which make up neutrons
October 8, 2017
New Technology Illuminates Microbial Dark Matter
There are more than 50,000 microbial genome sequences in the DOE JGI’s Integrated Microbial Genomes publicly accessible database, and many of
October 8, 2017
Tiny Green Algae Reveal Large Genomic Variation
Picophytoplankton such as Ostreococcus are so small they are invisible to the naked eye. Despite their size, their global abundance means
October 8, 2017
Understanding the Rice Genome for Bioenergy Research
For more than half of the world’s population, rice is the primary staple crop. As a grass, it is a close relative of the candidate bioenergy
October 6, 2017
Explorations of the Universal Glue
The first experimental result has been published from the newly upgraded Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF). The 12-GeV CEBAF
October 2, 2017
Bringing Visual “Magic” to Light
Scientists from mixed reality technology company Magic Leap Inc., working with researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley
October 2, 2017
Speeding Materials Discovery Puts Solar Fuels on the Fast Track to Commercial Viability
Pure hydrogen is highly flammable, making it an ideal fuel. If you could find a way to extract that hydrogen from water using sunlight, then, you
October 2, 2017
Water in One Dimension
While scientists have known that molecules confined within single-walled nanotubes behave differently than their bulk counterparts, it has
October 2, 2017
Adding Stress Boosts Performance, Stability for Fuel Cells
Electric vehicles powered by proton exchange membrane fuel cells, which use hydrogen gas as fuel and produce water as exhaust, have entered
October 2, 2017
Drawing at the One-Nanometer Length Scale
The ability to pattern materials at ever-smaller sizes — using electron-beam lithography, in which an electron-sensitive material is exposed
October 2, 2017
The Road Less Traveled: How to Switch Assembly Pathways
Bioinspired assembly of complex building blocks that vary in structure and properties form ordered 2-D and 3-D structures. These assembly pathways
September 7, 2017
Fungi: Gene Activator Role Discovered
For the first time, scientists identified 6mA base modification as a widespread marker for transcriptionally active genes in early diverging fungi.
September 7, 2017
First Look at a Living Cell Membrane
Examining a living cellular membrane has remained an unsolved challenge up to this point due to the dynamic, chemically diverse, and fragile nature
September 7, 2017
Clay Minerals and Metal Oxides Change How Uranium Travels Through Sediments
Uranium mobility in the subsurface depends strongly on its oxidation state, with uranium(IV) being significantly less soluble than uranium(VI).
August 31, 2017
Crystals Grow by Twisting, Aligning and Snapping Together
Scientists who study crystal formation and growth have long known that nanosize crystals suspended in a liquid medium often aggregate to form large
August 31, 2017
Vitamin B12 Fuels Microbial Growth
Vitamin B12 is used by all domains of life to control the production of DNA and a variety of proteins that support cellular function, but this
August 31, 2017
Carbon in Floodplain Unlikely to Cycle into the Atmosphere
Large amounts of carbon are stored in soils and terrestrial subsurface sediments, particularly in oxygen-limited environments such as wetlands and
August 31, 2017
Bacterial Cell Wall Changes Produce More Fatty Molecules
Microbial lipids are potential replacements for petroleum-based fuels and chemicals; however, their production often falls short of theoretical
August 29, 2017
Two for the Price of One: Exceeding 100 Percent Efficiency in Solar Fuel Production
In conventional semiconductor-based energy harvesting of photons from the sun, excess photon energy above the semiconductor bandgap is wasted.
August 29, 2017
The Tricky Trifecta of Solar Cells
Three-dimensional (3-D) organic–inorganic perovskites have emerged as one of the most promising thin-film solar cell materials owing to a
August 18, 2017
Avoiding Disruptions that Halt Fusion Reactions
The tokamak is an efficient design for confining superheated plasmas with magnetic fields because much of the magnetic field is produced by
August 18, 2017
Extreme-Scale Code Models Extremely Hot Plasma to Explain Spontaneous Transition
To achieve its goal, ITER’s core ion temperature must be around 15 keV, or over 10 times hotter than in the core of the sun. At the same time