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April 19, 2019
Slow Charge Generation Plays Big Role in Model Material for Solar Cells
To design molecular solar cells, sensors, etc., researchers need to know how light creates electricity on an atomic scale. This isn’t easy
April 19, 2019
Splitting Water Fast! Catalyst Works Faster than Mother Nature
Water oxidation provides the electrons and protons required in natural photosynthesis to convert solar energy into chemical energy that it is
April 18, 2019
Driving Chemical Reactions by Remote Control
Some chemical bonds are tough to re-arrange because it’s hard to access them. This aligns with the conventional wisdom that to make and break
April 15, 2019
Team Takes Fluoride from Taps and Toothpaste to Batteries
Researchers discovered a new liquid electrolyte named BTFE. The electrolyte could replace the molten salt currently used in fluoride-based
April 9, 2019
New Molecular Blueprint Aids Study of Photosynthesis
Discovered decades ago, a large protein complex called NAD(P)H dehydrogenase-like complex (NDH) helps regulate the steps of photosynthesis where
April 9, 2019
Catching Fast Changes in Excited Molecules
Scientists often employ nonlinear spectroscopies in the optical, infrared, and radiofrequency regimes to probe ultrafast molecular dynamics and
April 8, 2019
Atomic Maps Reveal How Iron Rusts
Both underneath our feet and in the skyscrapers towering above, iron is constantly reacting. In the soil, these reactions can affect both nutrient
April 8, 2019
Strain and Defects Grow in Tiny Magnetite Crystals When Oxidized
Solid-water interfaces are primary sites for physiochemical phenomena in natural and technological systems, especially for reactions that occur at
April 8, 2019
A New View on a Very Old Problem: Evolution of the Photochemical Reaction Centers
All available evidence supports the hypothesis that the reaction center, the pigment-protein complex that uses light to produce chemicals that
March 21, 2019
How Does Mother Nature Tackle the Tough Triple Bond Found in Nitrogen?
For every molecule of nitrogen transformed to ammonia, nitrogenase makes at least one molecule of hydrogen (H2), which has been a
March 21, 2019
A Detailed View of the Ancestor of Photosynthesis
By studying photosynthesis, scientists can uncover key details about how organisms use light to drive their metabolism. This fundamental
March 14, 2019
Fitting a Square Peg in a Round Hole: The Surprising Structure of Uranium Bound in Hematite
While scientists have been studying the binding of uranium to iron-bearing minerals for some time using X-ray spectroscopy, different researchers
March 8, 2019
Unique Interface and Unexpected Behavior Help Explain How Heavy Metals Act
Solvent extraction, the go-to technology for reprocessing nuclear waste or refining rare earths and precious metals, involves the preferential
March 4, 2019
To Grow or Not to Grow? That Is the Question for Plants
Regardless of what crops they are growing, farmers want to increase the yields and reduce the use of costly pesticides. Using less of such
March 4, 2019
Forming the Ion that Made the Universe
Scientists have figured out additional ways that the trihydrogen cation, H3+, the most abundant ion in the universe, is
March 1, 2019
Water: Lead, Follow, or Get Out of the Way
The association or dissociation of ion pairs in water is present in chemical reactions in fuel cells, batteries, and human cells. Scientists have
March 1, 2019
Seeing Coherent Patterns at the Microscopic Scale
In the world around us, it’s easy to see orders and patterns, such as the collective movement of a flock of birds. These patterns, or
March 1, 2019
Squeezed Quantum Dots Produce More Stable Light
Modern synthesis techniques produce nearly ideal quantum-dot light emitters, which are used in quantum-dot displays and TV sets. But what if a
March 1, 2019
Ions on the Edge
Although working with ionic solutions is common in synthesis, separations, and subsurface science, how the ions change their environment and, in
February 26, 2019
Get to the Root: Tiny Poplar Roots Extract More Water than Their Larger Counterparts after Drought
Knowledge of plant root function under stress is largely based on indirect measurements of bulk soil water or nutrient extraction, which limits
February 19, 2019
Silicon and a State of Shock
In addition to being a key material in the semi-conductor industry, and one of the most studied materials at high pressure, silicon as a ceramic
February 11, 2019
Measuring the Impossible: X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Hydrogen and Helium
X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) is one of the most powerful techniques in materials science. However, the literature is filled with claims
February 11, 2019
Early “Fossils” Formed by Tectonics, not Life
Scientists re-evaluated evidence of life in 3.7-billion-year-old rock structures and found that the structures were of geological origin and not
February 11, 2019
Taking Diamond Qubits for a Spin
Solid-state quantum bits, or qubits, offer scalability in a quantum network. Such networks could change how computations are done and how data is
February 11, 2019
How Sunlight Energizes Electrons to Break Nitrogen and Form Ammonia
Ammonia in fertilizer is vital to growing crops. Producing ammonia for fertilizer is an energy-demanding process that requires natural gas to