NNSA infrastructure investments are unique in the federal government as our facilities, in large part, make up the industrial base needed to meet our missions. There is no commercial industrial base to make nuclear weapons, to process plutonium; to design, disassemble, assemble; or with the capability to perform the necessary scientific research to maintain our strategic deterrent. NNSA alone is responsible for determining what facilities are required to perform each respective part of the mission.

NNSA recently completed several major projects on schedule and budget, and currently has 12 major projects valued at $8 billion under construction to support our missions.

CD-4 Projects: Start of Operations Approved / Project Complete

Chemistry and Metallurgy Research Replacement (CMRR) Plutonium Facility-4 Equipment Installation Phase 1 (PEI-1)

Gamma-ray detection system for nondestructive analysis in support of nuclear  materials control and accountability measurements
Gamma-ray detection system for nondestructive analysis in support of nuclear materials control and accountability measurements.

The PEI-1 is Phase 1 of the CMRR PF-4 Equipment Installation subproject at Los Alamos National Laboratory. PEI-1 maximizes use of PF-4 by decommissioning and decontaminating old gloveboxes and equipment, reconfiguring and reusing existing gloveboxes, consolidating and relocating existing capabilities, installing new gloveboxes and equipment for analytical chemistry/material characterization (AC/MC) capabilities and developing select project-related warehouse and office infrastructure. PEI-1 establishes analytical chemistry and materials characterization capabilities that utilize larger amounts of nuclear materials and therefore are required to be in PF-4 operational space.

CMRR completed $110 million under budget and ahead of schedule.

Location: Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico

Cost: $394 million

Project Start Date: July 2002

Project Completion Date: December 2020

Exascale Class Computer Cooling Equipment (ECCCE)

Former NNSA Administrator Lisa E. Gordon-Hagerty, accompanied by NNSA's partners from Los Alamos National Laboratory, cuts the ribbon for the Exascale Class Computer Cooling Equipment Project.

Former NNSA Administrator Lisa E. Gordon-Hagerty, accompanied by NNSA's partners from Los Alamos National Laboratory, cuts the ribbon for the Exascale Class Computer Cooling Equipment Project.

ECCE provides cooling towers and associated structures for the expansion of cooling system for the Los Alamos National Laboratory’s Strategic Computing Complex (SCC), part of stockpile stewardship. The project nearly doubles the warm-water cooling capability in the SCC and enables operational support for multiple exascale-class supercomputers, particularly to the planned Crossroads machine. The completion of this project supports the Advanced Simulation and Computing program’s goal of providing high-performance computing services to the Nuclear Security Enterprise to assess and maintain the current U.S. nuclear weapons stockpile, and design and certify the future stockpile.

ECCCE completed $20 million under budget and ahead of schedule.

Location: Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico

Cost: $56 million

Expand Electrical Distribution System (EEDS)

Members of the Load Grid Switchgear Construction crew on the Expand Electrical Distribution System project.

Members of the Load Grid Switchgear Construction crew on the Expand Electrical Distribution System project.

The expansion of the electrical distribution system at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) provides safe, reliable, and efficient electrical distribution systems with sufficient electrical capacity for continued and planned operations. The project began construction in December 2017 and has installed 11,000 feet of underground duct bank, 75,000 feet of conductors, and two load grid switchgear buildings. The project addresses the most urgent electrical infrastructure mission needs by providing redundant underground power between LLNL, Western Area Power Administration’s Livermore Substation, and Sandia National Laboratories’ California facility. The upgrade to this electrical distribution system has an expected service life of more than 40 years and provides the versatility to adapt to new technology and increasingly stringent safety, security, and environmental regulations.

 EEDS completed $900,000 under budget and ahead of schedule.

Location: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California

Cost: $34 million

Project Start Date: February 2012

Project completion Date: August 2020

TA-55 Reinvestment Project II Phase II Phase C (TRP II C)

The TA-55 Complex at Los Alamos National Laboratory.
The TA-55 Complex at Los Alamos National Laboratory.

TRP II C is the final phase of three projects to repair, replace, upgrade, and modernize equipment and systems at Los Alamos National Laboratory’s (LANL) TA-55 Complex to meet future operating requirements. This project upgraded the infrastructure for gloveboxes, demolished and replaced the power supply and upgraded the vault water tank cooling system. It will revitalize aging and obsolete facility and safety systems to ensure the facility can continue supporting NNSA’s Stockpile Stewardship Program mission. The renewed facility will be adaptable to support future NNSA and LANL plutonium missions for the next several decades.

Location: Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico

Cost: $94 million

Project Start Date: July 2008

Project Completion Date: May 2018

CD-2/3 Projects: Performance Baseline Approved / Start of Construction or Execution Approved

Calciner (CALP)

The calciner furnace
The calciner furnace

The Calciner Project is a major equipment capital project at the Y-12 National Security Complex. It will install a calciner system to convert uranium solutions into a powder. This will support eliminating the current high-hazard wet chemistry process. It will allow Y-12 to move all operations out of Building 9212, one of Y-12’s oldest Manhattan Project-era facilities.

Location: Y-12 National Security Complex in Tennessee

Cost: $108 million

Equipment Installation Date: July 2015

Estimated project completion: September 2023

Chemistry and Metallurgy Research Replacement (CMRR) RLUOB Equipment Installation Phase 2 (REI-2)

Equipment used to work with radioactive materials in the Radiological Laboratory Utility Office Building
Equipment used to work with radioactive materials in the Radiological Laboratory Utility Office Building.

The REI-2 project consists of analytical chemistry installation and material characterization (analytical chemistry/material characterization) equipment in 10,000 square feet of laboratory space within Radiological Laboratory Utility Office Building at Los Alamos National Laboratory. The REI-2 subproject will transfer part of analytical chemistry and material characterization capabilities from the existing Chemistry Metallurgy Research to Radiological Laboratory Utility Office Building (RLUOB) by designing, purchasing, and installing additional equipment in the RLUOB, and developing select project shop/warehouse infrastructure.

Location: Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico

Cost: $633 million

Project Start Date:  August 2014

Estimated project completion: August 2021

Electrorefining (ER)

A glovebox in the Electrorefining Project.
A glovebox in the Electrorefining Project.

The Electrorefining (ER) Project is a major equipment installation capital project at the Y-12 National Security Complex. It will introduce a new technology and provide Y-12 with a new enriched uranium purification capability. The ER project replaces current wet chemistry processes for uranium purification with a safer and simpler electrochemical process. Electrorefining works in conjunction with the Calciner Project to enable shutdown of operations currently conducted in Building 9212, one of Y-12’s oldest Manhattan Project-era facilities.

Location: Y-12 National Security Complex in Tennessee

Cost: $101 million

Equipment Installation Date: December 2020

Equipment Completion Date: February 2021

Estimated project completion: 2023

Exascale Computing Facility Modernization Project (ECFM)

Transmission line foundation drilling
Transmission line foundation drilling

The Exascale Computing Project is a seven-year project focused on applications and software products that will deliver an exascale computing system. The renovation and upgrade of the structural, electrical, and mechanical capabilities of building 453 at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory is expected to improve performance by 50 to 100 times. The existing cooling tower will be upgraded to allow for an additional 40 MW of power for high-performance computing, including the infrastructure for mechanical and data systems, secondary electrical panels, and substation transformers, switchgear, switches, and bussing.

Location: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California

Cost: $111 million

Project Start Date: May 2018

Estimated project completion: May 2022

NNSA Albuquerque Complex Project (NACP)

The south facade of NNSA's Albuquerque Complex building.
The south facade of NNSA's Albuquerque Complex building.

The new facility provides a modern, safe, and reliable workspace for approximately 1,200 employees in Albuquerque, New Mexico, who support NNSA’s vital national security missions. The John A. Gordon Albuquerque Complex will house multiple organizations that fulfill unique and essential roles within the Nuclear Security Enterprise by providing programmatic, technical support, legal, security, procurement, human resources, business, and administrative functions for NNSA’s mission. It replaces a complex of 26 buildings (several of which were constructed in 1951 as enlisted barracks) with a single, state-of-the-art facility. The existing complex is beyond its designed life, does not meet current seismic codes, and no longer meets NNSA’s needs. Upon completion, the John A. Gordon Albuquerque Complex will meet LEED Gold sustainability requirements and will allow for disposition of the current Albuquerque Complex.

Location: Kirtland Air Force Base in Albuquerque, New Mexico

 Cost: $175 million

Project Start Date: February 2016

Projected Completion Date: April 2022

U1a Complex Enhancements Project (UCEP) Subproject 010

Before, during, and after photos of the U1a Complex Enhancements Project.
Before, during, and after photos of the U1a Complex Enhancements Project.

UCEP will provide a new underground laboratory for experimental and diagnostic capabilities of subcritical weapons experiments using plutonium. It includes both mining operations and installation of the structures, systems, and components necessary to deploy the large diagnostic systems and experiments. This project supports any significant construction activity in the eastern portion of the U1a Complex at the Nevada National Security Site. While driven by the same mission as the Enhanced Capabilities for Subcritical Experiments subprogram, UCEP can be designed and completed separately.

Location: Nevada National Security Site in Nevada

Cost: $50 million

Project Start Date: August 2017

Estimated project completion: September 2023

Uranium Processing Facility Project

The Uranium Processing Facility (UPF) Project main construction site—Main Process Building, Salvage and Accountability Building and Mechanical Electrical Building.
The Uranium Processing Facility (UPF) Project main construction site—Main Process Building, Salvage and Accountability Building and Mechanical Electrical Building.

UPF supports the NNSA Uranium Mission Strategy which ensures the long-term viability, safety, and security of enriched uranium capabilities in the United States. It consists of processing capabilities for enriched uranium casting, oxide production, and salvage and accountability operations. Constructing multiple facilities allows each facility to be designed and constructed with a level of safety and security for the hazards of each operation.

The project is being built through a series of seven subprojects. Three subprojects—Site Readiness, Site Infrastructure and Services and Substation were completed on time and under budget. UPF has been on budget and on schedule for seven consecutive years. The remaining subprojects are underway and is estimated for completion by the end of 2025.

Cost: $7 billion

Project Start Date: June 2012

Estimated Project Completion: December 2025

Uranium Processing Facility Project - Main Process Building

Rebar wall curtain placements for the 3rd level walls are placed and concrete pours are underway. The walls will be complete in June 2021 and the building will achieve the “in the dry” milestone in September 2021.
Rebar wall curtain placements for the 3rd level walls are placed and concrete pours are underway. The walls will be complete in June 2021 and the building will achieve the “in the dry” milestone in September 2021.

The Main Process Building is a three-story, 240,000-square-foot reinforced concrete building that will house enriched uranium casting and special oxide production. It also contains nondestructive analysis and waste preparations, furnaces and repacking, and spaces needed for process support such as the shift manager’s office, restrooms, and other personnel-related rooms. The MPB will be constructed to nuclear standards commensurate with high-hazard materials and security for the processes to be carried out within. It will connect to the Y-12 Highly Enriched Uranium Materials Facility. This is one of seven subprojects that comprise the $6.5B UPF project which has an estimated completion date of December 2025.
 

Location: Y-12 National Security Complex in Tennessee

Cost: $5 million

Project Start Date: June 2012

Estimated project completion: December 2025

Uranium Processing Facility Project – Salvage and Accountability Building

Placement of siding and roofing was completed in February 2021. It supports the installation of racks, skids, and other commodities throughout the rest of the year.
Placement of siding and roofing was completed in February 2021. It supports the installation of racks, skids, and other commodities throughout the rest of the year.

The Salvage and Accountability Building is a 127,000-square-foot facility with a structural steel frame and metal siding. It will house chemical recovery, calcination and leaching, nondestructive analysis, the clean and contaminated shops, filter room, and waste preparation and decontamination. This subproject also includes a fire tank pumphouse, standby diesel generators and a 30,000-square-foot Personnel Support Building, which provides personnel access and monitoring station, truck bay, loading dock, and material access. This is one of seven subprojects that comprise the $6.5B UPF project which has an estimated completion date of December 2025.

Location: Y-12 National Security Complex in Tennessee

Cost: $1 billion

Project Start Date: June 2012

Estimated project completion: December 2025

Uranium Processing Facility Project - Mechanical Electrical Building

All major equipment has been delivered and installed in UPF’s Mechanical Electrical Building. Piping, electrical, and instrumentation work is underway in advance of the subproject’s 2022 completion.
All major equipment has been delivered and installed in UPF’s Mechanical Electrical Building. Piping, electrical, and instrumentation work is underway in advance of the subproject’s 2022 completion.

The Mechanical Electrical Building (MEB) is a 66,000-square-foot facility that will house and support UPF’s process facilities. It will be a stand-alone building housing mechanical, electrical, heating, ventilation, and air conditioning, utility equipment, and support systems. The MEB will be constructed to nonnuclear commercial industrial standards. This is one of seven subprojects that comprise the $6.5B UPF project which has an estimated completion date of December 2025.

Location: Y-12 National Security Complex in Tennessee

Cost: $284 million

Project Start Date: June 2012

Estimated project completion: December 2025

Uranium Processing Facility Project - Process Support Facilities

Structural steel installation in advance of achieving the “in the dry” milestone in UPF’s Process Support Facilities building.
Structural steel installation in advance of achieving the “in the dry” milestone in UPF’s Process Support Facilities building.

The Process Support Facilities subproject consists of a 24,000-square-foot steel-frame building and a gas storage yard. It will provide systems and processes to support the Main Process Building and Salvage and Accountability Building, such as chilled water, instrument air, demineralized water, wastewater systems, and chemical and gas storage. This is one of seven subprojects that comprise the $6.5B UPF project which has an estimated completion date of December 2025.

Location: Y-12 National Security Complex in Tennessee

Cost: $140 million

Project Start Date: June 2012

Estimated project completion: December 2025

West End Protected Area Reduction (WEPAR)

Rendering of the new entry control facility that will be constructed as part of WEPAR.
Rendering of the new entry control facility that will be constructed as part of WEPAR.

WEPAR will reduce the size of the high-security protected area at the Y-12 National Security Complex. The project supports efforts to modernize Y-12’s boundary and includes the installation of the Perimeter Intrusion, Detection, and Alarm System (PIDAS) and a new entry control facility. This project will eliminate approximately 70 acres from the Y-12 protected area, which will result in site operations and maintenance cost savings as well as cost and schedule savings in the final disposition of hazardous legacy facilities.

Location: Y-12 National Security Complex in Tennessee

Cost: $160 million

Project Start Date: December 2018

Estimated project completion: July 2025

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