The United States must continue to ensure improvements and access to this technology so we can meet our economic, environmental and energy security goals. We rely on nuclear energy because it provides a consistent, reliable and stable source of base load electricity with an excellent safety record in the United States. In order to continue or expand the role for nuclear power in our long- term energy platform, the United States must:

Continually improve the safety and security of nuclear energy and its associated technologies worldwide.

Develop solutions for the transportation, storage, and long-term disposal of used nuclear fuel and associated wastes.

Enhance the resilience of nuclear plants and used nuclear fuel in storage to extreme events and beyond-design-basis accidents such as Fukushima Daiichi.

To address these high-level goals, the Fuel Cycle Technologies (FCT) program of the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Nuclear Energy (NE) is charged with identifying promising sustainable fuel cycles and developing strategies for effective disposition of used fuel and high-level nuclear waste, enabling policymakers to make informed decisions about these critical issues. Sustainable fuel cycles will improve uranium resource utilization, maximize energy generation while minimizing waste, improve safety, and limit proliferation risk.