Section 3151 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 directed the Secretary of Energy, in consultation with the Secretary of the Interior and the Administrator of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), to undertake a review of, and prepare a report on, abandoned uranium mines in the United States that provided uranium ore for atomic energy defense activities of the United States (the mines).

The Secretary of Energy has signed and delivered the Defense-Related Uranium Mines Report to Congress. DOE consulted with EPA and DOI as well as other federal agencies, affected states and tribes, and the public to develop this report.