Energy collaboration between the United States and China is significant to global energy security climate change, and nuclear security issues, and is a key priority for both countries. The United States engages China on concrete, collaborative projects that promote clean and efficient energy, energy sustainability, energy security, the decrease of carbon emissions, and lower energy costs.
DOE's Office of International Affairs leads a strong partnership with China on clean energy cooperation, with several key milestones marking the growth of that partnership. For example, the two governments cooperate on a number of joint clean energy initiatives, including the U.S.-China Clean Energy Research Center (CERC) and the Energy Efficiency Action Plan (EEAP). DOE focuses on using the strong, broad U.S.-China bilateral collaboration on clean energy to lead the way opening markets and produce solutions to energy challenges. These solutions come from partnership on a fully integrated efficiency and innovation chain: to reduce energy demand; support game-changing innovations; drive down the cost of clean energy technologies; and deploy those technologies at scale. DOE works with China to utilize clean energy technology to help promote growth, security and prosperity.
U.S.-China energy cooperation spans a number of bilateral platforms including the CERC, the EEAP, the Clean Energy Working Group, the Oil and Gas Industry Forum, the Clean Coal Industry Forum, among many others. We also work with China on energy issues in multilateral fora such as the International Energy Agency, the Clean Energy Ministerial, Mission Innovation, the International Forum for Nuclear Energy Cooperation (IFNEC), and many others. As this list shows, clean energy technologies span a wide range – not just wind and solar, but Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage, nuclear, and many others.
One flagship example of our collaboration, DOE's Office of International Affairs, coordinates the U.S.-China Clean Energy Research Center, or CERC. This program pairs top researchers from both countries to accelerate development and deployment of critical technologies for clean energy in the United States and China. Its mission is to generate a diversified portfolio of technologies needed to transition to an efficient and low-carbon economic future, while mitigating the threat of climate change. The initiative has five tracks. The original three tracks, Advanced Coal Technology, Buildings Energy Efficiency, and Clean Vehicles, began work in 2011 and are now in a new five-year term of work. A fourth track on energy and water began work in 2016. An exciting fifth track on medium-and heavy-duty truck efficiency with huge oil-savings potential started work in 2017.
Those research areas have produced concrete results, including developing, testing, and commercializing a novel, sprayable liquid flashing (sealant) technology for buildings that won a Gold Edison Award in 2016.
For more information about the U.S.-China Clean Energy Research Center click here.
Carbon Capture and Storage
Working with counterparts in China, DOE has made advancing carbon capture and storage technologies from large fossil energy facilities a top action agenda item for coal utilization and climate mitigation. The United States and China will continue to advance these technologies with the goal of developing technologies to safely store millions of tons of CO2 annually through the Climate Change Working Group, the Clean Energy Research Center, and the Fossil Energy Protocol.
For more information about Carbon Capture click here.
Energy Efficiency Forum (EEF)
The annual Energy Efficiency Forum (EEF), housed under the EEAP, is the primary platform for senior DOE and Chinese counterparts and industry to discuss market and policy developments, and explore trade and investment opportunities. Associated site visits on the margins of the forum demonstrate advanced products and services in high-performance facilities. The EEF has facilitated more than 17 industry and government MOUs/partnerships, resulting in millions of dollars of trade and investment since the first EEF in 2009. China hosted the seventh EEF in October 2016.
For more information about the EEF click here.
The United States and China view the safe and secure development of nuclear power as a key solution and low-carbon energy source in reducing emissions from the global power sector. Nuclear Energy must play a prominent role in achieving worldwide carbon reductions. The two countries are also working together to ensure that China joins the U.S. and other key nations as a leader on nuclear and radiological security, nonproliferation and arms control issues. For example, after years of policy and technical cooperation, in 2016, the United States and China opened the Center of Excellence for Nuclear Security, which is located in Beijing, and will sponsor training programs for Chinese officials, regional partners and other international partners to further global nuclear security awareness and engagement. The United States and China have numerous frameworks under which they cooperate.
For more information about the U.S.-China Nuclear Energy Collaboration click here.