DOE White Paper: Carbon Capture, Utilization, and Storage
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Carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) technologies provide a key pathway to address the urgent U.S. and global need for affordable, secure, resilient, and reliable sources of clean energy. In the United States, fossil fuel-fired power plants account for 30% of total U.S. greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and will continue to be a major part of global energy consumption for decades to come.
CCUS technology is necessary to meet climate change mitigation goals at the lowest possible cost to society, but its widespread deployment will require continued improvements in cost and performance. In addition, key sources within the industrial sector, which accounts for 21% of total U.S. GHG emissions, cannot be deeply decarbonized without CCUS. A combination of tax incentives and research, development, demonstration, and deployment (RDD&D) will be critical to developing transformational carbon capture technologies and to driving down the costs of capture.