Fact #925: May 16, 2016 Improvements in Fuel Economy for Low-MPG Vehicles Yield the Greatest Savings

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The relationship between gallons used over a given distance and miles per gallon (mpg) is not linear. Trading a low-mpg car or truck for one with just slightly better mpg will save more fuel than trading a high-mpg car or truck for one that is even higher. An improvement in fuel economy by 5 mpg does not translate to a constant fuel savings amount. For example, trading a truck that gets 10 mpg for a new one that gets 15 mpg will save 33 gallons of fuel for every 1,000 miles driven. In contrast, trading a 30-mpg car for a new car that gets 35 mpg will save 5 gallons of fuel for every 1,000 miles driven.

Fuel Use versus Fuel Economy

Graphic showing fuel use versus fuel economy

Note: Each category on the horizontal axis shows a five-mile per gallon improvement in fuel economy.

Fact #925 Dataset

Supporting Information

Fuel Use versus Fuel Economy
Fuel Economy (Miles per Gallon)Gallons Per 1,000 MilesIf you have a car with this fuel economyAnd you trade it for a car with this fuel economyYou save this many gallons for every 1,000 miles you drive
5200.0510100.0
10100.0101533.3
1566.7152016.7
2050.0202510.0
2540.025306.7
3033.330354.8
3528.635403.6
4025.040452.8
4522.245502.2
5020.050551.8
5518.255601.5
6016.7   

Source: Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 2015 Vehicle Technologies Market Report, ORNL/TM-2016/124, April 2016, Figure 4.

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