Fact #843: October 20, 2014 Cumulative Plug-in Electric Vehicle Sales are Two and a Half Times Higher than Hybrid Electric Vehicle Sales in the First 45 Months since Market Introduction

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The first hybrid electric vehicle was introduced in December 1999 and for the next 45 months (through August 2003) there were a total of 95,778 hybrid vehicles sold. The first mass-marketed plug-in electric vehicles arrived in December 2010. By August 2014 (45 months later), cumulative sales of plug-in electric vehicles reached 247,188; that is two and one-half times more than hybrids at the same point in time after market introduction. It is noteworthy that the higher sales of plug-in electric vehicles came during a period of lower overall light vehicle sales. Following the economic recession, light vehicle sales reached just 12.5 million for 2011 and recovered to 15.3 million by 2013. During the 45 month introduction period of hybrid vehicles (December 1999-August 2003) overall light vehicle sales were about 17 million per year.

Cumulative Sales for Plug-in Electric Vehicles and Hybrid Electric Vehicles in the First 45 Months
Graph showing cumulative sales for plug-in electric vehicles and hybrid vehicles in the first 45 months since market introduction.

Notes:

  • Month 1 for hybrid electric vehicle introduction is December 1999 and month 45 is August 2003.
  • Month 1 for plug-in electric vehicle introduction is December 2010 and month 45 is August 2014.
  • Plug-in Electric Vehicles include plug-in hybrid vehicles and all-electric vehicles.
  • Hybrid Electric Vehicles derive all of their energy from gasoline and cannot be plugged into any outlet.

Fact #843 Dataset

Supporting Information

Cumulative Sales of Plug-In Electric Vehicles and Hybrid Electric Vehicles since their Market Introduction
Months since Market Introduction Plug-In Electric Vehicle Cumulative Sales Hybrid Electric Vehicle Cumulative Sales
1 345 17
2 769 568
3 1,133 1,129
4 2,039 1,800
5 3,105 2,460
6 4,736 3,437
7 7,005 4,158
8 8,062 4,666
9 9,727 5,228
10 11,481 5,904
11 13,455 6,667
12 15,367 7,947
13 18,108 9,367
14 19,535 10,959
15 21,197 12,497
16 25,358 14,299
17 28,953 15,744
18 32,331 17,773
19 35,649 19,746
20 38,665 21,106
21 43,409 22,722
22 49,218 24,135
23 56,450 25,728
24 63,608 27,550
25 71,277 29,649
26 76,003 33,306
27 81,458 36,375
28 89,090 39,805
29 96,228 43,356
30 103,982 46,370
31 112,724 49,018
32 120,166 51,384
33 131,529 54,527
34 139,656 56,972
35 149,756 59,919
36 158,589 62,895
37 168,379 65,691
38 174,284 69,477
39 181,329 74,744
40 190,501 81,636
41 199,406 85,254
42 211,859 88,431
43 223,352 91,071
44 234,785 93,614
45 247,188 95,778

Source:
Provided by Yan (Joann) Zhou, Argonne National Laboratory, Light Duty Electric Drive Vehicles Monthly Sales Updates
Total annual light vehicle sales data in the text are from the Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 33. Table 3.11.

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