Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBL), with funding from the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, researched a variety of demand response (DR) opportunities and the various bulk power system services they can provide. The research presents a framework for the costs to automate DR and provides descriptions of the various elements that drive enablement costs.
The outputs of this research are a technical report, a database (of data underlying the research), a user manual for the database, and a presentation. The report introduces the various DR enabling technologies and end-uses, identifies the various services that each can provide to the grid, and provides the cost assessment for each enabling technology. Additionally, LBL held a webinar on the research, and a webinar recording is available. All of these are available from the LBL Demand Response Advanced Controls Research Web Page and from the links above and below.