This section regulates wells, borings, and underground storage with regards to protecting groundwater resources. The Commissioner of the Department of Health has jurisdiction, and can grant permits for proposed activities, including natural gas exploration and underground storage.
This section regulates activities which can occur on or below the land surface of the area surrounding a wellhead. The purpose of these regulations is to limit well contamination and preserve drinking water safety. The statute discusses the boundaries and designation of a wellhead, and grants authority to the Environmental Quality Council to adopt rules and regulations relevant to wellhead protection.
Well permits are required for the installation of wells in private and public space. Wells are defined as any trest hole, shaft, or soil excavation created by any means including, but not limited to, drilling, coring, boring, washing, driving, digging, or jetting, for purposes including, but not limited to, locating, testing, diverting, artificially recharging, or withdrawing fluids, or for the purpose of underground injection.
It is state policy to manage groundwater and surface water resources from the perspective of aquifers, watersheds, and river basins to achieve protection, preservation, enhancement, and restoration of the state's valuable groundwater and surface water resources. Chapter 103D establishes Watershed Districts across the state to implement watershed management plans. This chapter also provides procedures for construction projects proposed in watershed management districts.
The waters of North Dakota are understood as belonging to the public and may be appropriated for beneficial uses. However, the right to use water in large quantities must be acquired. Entities requiring water for beneficial uses may exercise the right of eminent domain in certain circumstances. The State Water Commission is established to oversee the conservation, management, development, and control of waters and atmospheric resources in North Dakota, and to establish comprehensive state water development programs.
This rule establishes schedules of permit application fees and annual permit fees for state water pollution control permits and national pollutant discharge elimination system permits issued by the Director of the Division of Water and Waste Management. This rule applies to any person who is required to apply for and obtain a permit from the Director in order to conduct any activity.
The drilling, excavation, and construction of a water well or mine shaft requires a permit from the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (previously known as the Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission). With respect to mine shafts, the Commission will only grant a permit if surface and ground waters can be protected from pollution.
Large water supply systems (e.g. well or surface water intake pipes) with the capacity to withdraw 100,000 gallons per day (70 gallons per minute) or more of groundwater or surface water must register, measure, track, and report their monthly water withdrawals to the Water Use Program within the WI Department of Natural Resources.