The Strategic Petroleum Reserve or SPR is an emergency stockpile of oil located in salt caverns in Texas and Louisiana Gulf Coasts. Learn more about the SPR, how it came to be and what it does in this timeline.
Oil is used for heating and transportation -- most notably, as fuel for gas-powered vehicles. America’s dependence on foreign oil has declined in recent years, but oil prices have increased.
The Energy Department supports research and policy options to increase our domestic supply of oil while ensuring environmentally sustainable supplies domestically and abroad, and is investing in research, technology and processes to make oil drilling cleaner and more efficient -- including enhanced oil recovery and improved offshore drilling practices.