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Updating the Electric Grid: An Introduction to Non-Transmission Alternatives for Policymakers

Throughout the United States a consensus has emerged that an improved transmission system is in the interest of the country as a whole.1 However, decisions to implement new transmission lines may face significant cost, environmental, and public acceptance barriers which delay implementation of needed transmission improvements. As State decision makers consider transmission investments, it may be important to account for Non-Transmission Alternatives (NTA). NTAs are programs and technologies that complement and improve operation of existing transmission systems that individually or in combination defer or eliminate the need for upgrades to the transmission system.